The Public Trust Doctrine in Forty-Five States

934 Pages Posted: 29 Mar 2013 Last revised: 13 Feb 2015

See all articles by Michael C. Blumm

Michael C. Blumm

Lewis & Clark Law School

Lorena Wisehart

Independent

Emily Stein

Independent

Ian Brown

Independent

Rachel D. Guthrie

The Justis Law Firm LLC

Mac Smith

Independent

Kya Marienfeld

Independent

Nathan Morales

Independent

Elizabeth B. Dawson

Independent

Robert Menees

Independent

Melissa Parsons

Independent

Stephanie Short

Independent

Brian Sheets

Independent

Erika A. Doot

Independent

David Allen

Independent

Rebecca Guiao

Independent

Carter Moore

Independent

Alexis Andiman

Independent

Elizabeth Zultoski

Independent

Kevin Fisher

Independent

Casey Hill

Independent

Candice McLaughlin

Independent

Lynn Schaffer

Independent

Date Written: March 18, 2014

Abstract

This compendium examines the public trust doctrine in 45 different states, discussing various approaches of the states to the origins and basis of the doctrine as well as to the natural resources burdened, the purposes served, and the ability of the public to enforce the doctrine. The states analyzed are Alabama, Alaska, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colorado, Connecticut, Hawaii, Idaho, Illinois, Iowa, Kansas, Louisiana, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, Mississippi, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, North Dakota, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Dakota, Texas, Utah, Vermont, Virginia, Washington, Wisconsin, and Wyoming. We think these analyses, by Lewis and Clark Law students, may be useful both to government officials and to practitioners in these states, so we are making them available now, although we intend to complete all 50 states in 2014.

New states added in 2014 include Delaware, Florida, Georgia, New Hampshire, North Carolina, Maine, Oklahoma, and South Carolina.

Keywords: public trust doctrine, natural resources law, environmental law, citizen enforcement, sovereign ownership

JEL Classification: H11, H82, K11, K23, K32, K33, K41, N51, N52, 013, Q22, Q24, Q26, Q28

Suggested Citation

Blumm, Michael C. and Wisehart, Lorena and Stein, Emily and Brown, Ian and Guthrie, Rachel D. and Smith, Mac and Marienfeld, Kya and Morales, Nathan and Dawson, Elizabeth B. and Menees, Robert and Parsons, Melissa and Short, Stephanie and Sheets, Brian and Doot, Erika A. and Allen, David and Guiao, Rebecca and Moore, Carter and Andiman, Alexis and Zultoski, Elizabeth and Fisher, Kevin and Hill, Casey and McLaughlin, Candice and Schaffer, Lynn, The Public Trust Doctrine in Forty-Five States (March 18, 2014). Lewis & Clark Law School Legal Studies Research Paper, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2235329 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.2235329

Michael C. Blumm (Contact Author)

Lewis & Clark Law School ( email )

10015 S.W. Terwilliger Blvd.
Portland, OR 97219
United States
503-768-6824 (Phone)
503-768-6701 (Fax)

Lorena Wisehart

Independent ( email )

Emily Stein

Independent

Ian Brown

Independent ( email )

Rachel D. Guthrie

The Justis Law Firm LLC ( email )

10955 Lowell Ave.
Suite 520
Overland Park, KS 66210
United States
913-955-3713 (Phone)
913-998-3712 (Fax)

HOME PAGE: http://www.justislawfirm.com

Mac Smith

Independent ( email )

Kya Marienfeld

Independent ( email )

Nathan Morales

Independent ( email )

Elizabeth B. Dawson

Independent ( email )

Robert Menees

Independent ( email )

Melissa Parsons

Independent

Stephanie Short

Independent ( email )

Brian Sheets

Independent ( email )

Erika A. Doot

Independent ( email )

David Allen

Independent

Rebecca Guiao

Independent ( email )

Carter Moore

Independent ( email )

Alexis Andiman

Independent ( email )

Elizabeth Zultoski

Independent ( email )

Kevin Fisher

Independent ( email )

Casey Hill

Independent ( email )

Candice McLaughlin

Independent ( email )

Lynn Schaffer

Independent ( email )

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