An Economic Approach to the Psychology of Change: Amnesia, Inertia, and Impulsiveness
Dice Working Paper No. 2000-4
46 Pages Posted: 17 May 2001 Last revised: 20 Aug 2009
Date Written: June 1, 2001
This paper models how imperfect memory affects the optimal continuity of policies. We examine the choices of a player (individual or firm) who observes previous actions but cannot remember the rationale for these actions. In a stable environment, the player optimally responds to memory loss with excess inertia, defined as a higher probability of following old policies than would occur under full recall. In a volatile environment, the player can exhibit excess impulsiveness (i.e., be more prone to follow new information signals). The model provides a memory-loss explanation for some documented psychological biases, implies that inertia and organizational routines should be more important instable environments than in volatile ones, and provides other empirical implications relating memory and environmental variables to the continuity of decisions.
Keywords: Memory, Inertia, Amnesia, Behavioral Economics
JEL Classification: Z1,Z10,Z13,D11,D20,D21,D23,D70,D83,G30,M10
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation