Disclosure Regulation in the Commercial Banking Industry: Lessons From the National Banking Era
Posted: 5 May 2018
Date Written: March 1, 2018
I exploit variation in the adoption of disclosure and supervisory regulation across U.S. states to examine their impact on the development and stability of commercial banks. The empirical results suggest that the adoption of state‐level requirements to report financial statements in local newspapers is associated with greater stability and development of commercial banks. I also examine which political constituencies influence the adoption of disclosure and supervisory regulation. I find that powerful landowners and small private banks are associated with late adoption of these regulations. These findings suggest that incumbent groups oppose disclosure rules because the passage of such rules threatens their private interests.
Keywords: Disclosure Regulation; Bank Regulation; Enforcement; FInancial Stability; Bank Failures; FInancial Development; Political Economy of Regulation
JEL Classification: E44; E51; G21; G28; G32; G38; H23; K22; K23; L51; M41; M48;N11; N21; N41; N81
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation