The Law of Equal Opportunities or Unintended Consequences? The Impact of Unisex Risk Assessment in Consumer Credit
32 Pages Posted: 9 Aug 2018 Last revised: 14 Feb 2019
Date Written: February 7, 2019
Gender is prohibited from use in decision-making in many countries. This does not necessarily benefit females, as this paper shows by analysing a unique proprietary dataset on car loans from an EU bank. The results suggest that inclusion of Gender as a dummy variable is statistically significant, but does not alter the predictive accuracy of the model. Yet the proportions of accepted women/men depend on whether Gender is included. The paper explores the association between predictors in the model with Gender, to demonstrate the omitted variable bias and how other variables proxy for Gender. It points to inconsistencies of the existing regulations in the context of automated decision-making.
Keywords: credit scoring, gender, disrimination, algorithmic decision-making
JEL Classification: G21, C44
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation