Transparency in Qualitative Research: An Overview of Key Findings and Implications of the Deliberations

32 Pages Posted: 7 Aug 2019

See all articles by Alan M. Jacobs

Alan M. Jacobs

University of British Columbia (UBC)

Tim Buthe

Technische Universität München (TUM) - School of Governance - Hochschule für Politik

Ana M Arjona

Northwestern University

Leonardo R. Arriola

UC Berkeley

Eva Bellin

Brandeis University

Andrew Bennett

Georgetown University - Department of Government

Lisa Björkman

University of Louisville

Erik Bleich

Middlebury College

Zachary Elkins

University of Texas, Austin

Tasha Fairfield

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Nikhar Gaikwad

Columbia University - Department of Political Science

Sheena Chestnut Greitens

University of Missouri

Mary Hawkesworth

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - New Brunswick/Piscataway

Veronica Herrera

University of Connecticut

Yoshiko M. Herrera

University of Wisconsin - Madison - Department of Political Science

Kimberley S Johnson

New York University (NYU)

Ekrem Karakoç

University of Montreal

Kendra Koivu

University of New Mexico

Marcus Kreuzer

Villanova University - Department of Political Science

Milli Lake

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE)

Timothy W. Luke

Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University

Lauren Morris MacLean

Indiana University - Department of Political Science

Samantha Majic

City University of New York - Department of Political Science

Rahsaan Maxwell

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill

Zachariah Mampilly

Vassar College

Robert W. Mickey

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Political Science

Kimberly J. Morgan

George Washington University

Sarah Parkinson

University of Minnesota - Minneapolis - Humphrey School of Public Affairs

Craig Parsons

University of Oregon

Wendy Pearlman

Northwestern University, Judd A. and Marjorie Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Political Science, Students

Mark A. Pollack

Temple University - Department of Political Science; Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law

Elliot Posner

Case Western Reserve University

Rachel Beatty Riedl

Northwestern University

Edward Schatz

University of Toronto

Carsten Schneider

Central European University (CEU)

Jillian M. Schwedler

Hunter College

Anastasia Shesterinina

University of Sheffield

Erica Simmons

University of Wisconsin - Madison

Diane Singerman

American University - School of Public Affairs

Hillel David Soifer

Temple University

Nicholas Smith

City College of New York

Scott Spitzer

Division of Politics, Administration and Justice; California State University, Fullerton

Jonas Tallberg

Stockholm University - Department of Political Science

Susan Thomson

Colgate University

Antonio Vázquez-Arroyo

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - Rutgers University, Newark

Barbara Vis

Utrecht University School of Governance

Lisa Wedeen

University of Chicago

Juliet Williams

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA)

Elisabeth Jean Wood

Yale University; Santa Fe Institute

Deborah Yashar

Princeton University

Date Written: July 31, 2019

Abstract

In recent years, a variety of efforts have been made in political science to enable, encourage, or require scholars to be more open and explicit about the bases of their empirical claims and, in turn, make those claims more readily evaluable by others. While qualitative scholars have long taken an interest in making their research open, reflexive, and systematic, the recent push for overarching transparency norms and requirements has provoked serious concern within qualitative research communities and raised fundamental questions about the meaning, value, costs, and intellectual relevance of transparency for qualitative inquiry. This essay is the introduction to a symposium that crystallizes the central findings of a three-year deliberative process – the Qualitative Transparency Deliberations (QTD) – involving hundreds of political scientists in a broad discussion of these issues. The symposium’s centerpiece is a series of summaries of the QTD Working Group’s final reports. Drawing on a series of public, online conversations that unfolded at www.qualtd.net, the reports unpack transparency’s promise, practicalities, risks, and limitations in relation to different qualitative methodologies, forms of evidence, and research contexts. Taken as a whole, these reports offer practical guidance to scholars designing and implementing qualitative research, and to editors, reviewers, and funders seeking to develop criteria of evaluation that are appropriate – as understood by relevant research communities – to the forms of inquiry being assessed.

Keywords: qualitative methods, research transparency, research ethics, deliberation

Suggested Citation

Jacobs, Alan M. and Buthe, Tim and Arjona, Ana M and Arriola, Leonardo R. and Bellin, Eva and Bennett, Andrew and Björkman, Lisa and Bleich, Erik and Elkins, Zachary and Fairfield, Tasha and Gaikwad, Nikhar and Chestnut Greitens, Sheena and Hawkesworth, Mary and Herrera, Veronica and Herrera, Yoshiko M. and Johnson, Kimberley S and Karakoç, Ekrem and Koivu, Kendra and Kreuzer, Marcus and Lake, Milli and Luke, Timothy W. and Morris MacLean, Lauren and Majic, Samantha and Maxwell, Rahsaan and Mampilly, Zachariah and Mickey, Robert and Morgan, Kimberly J. and Parkinson, Sarah and Parsons, Craig and Pearlman, Wendy and Pollack, Mark A. and Posner, Elliot and Riedl, Rachel Beatty and Schatz, Edward and Schneider, Carsten and Schwedler, Jillian M. and Shesterinina, Anastasia and Simmons, Erica and Singerman, Diane and Soifer, Hillel David and Smith, Nicholas and Spitzer, Scott and Tallberg, Jonas and Thomson, Susan and Vázquez-Arroyo, Antonio and Vis, Barbara and Wedeen, Lisa and Williams, Juliet and Wood, Elisabeth Jean and Yashar, Deborah, Transparency in Qualitative Research: An Overview of Key Findings and Implications of the Deliberations (July 31, 2019). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3430025 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3430025

Alan M. Jacobs (Contact Author)

University of British Columbia (UBC) ( email )

2329 West Mall
Vancouver, British Columbia BC V6T 1Z4
Canada
604-822-6830 (Phone)

Tim Buthe

Technische Universität München (TUM) - School of Governance - Hochschule für Politik ( email )

Richard-Wagner-Str.1
Munich, 80333
Germany

Ana M Arjona

Northwestern University ( email )

Leonardo R. Arriola

UC Berkeley ( email )

210 Barrows Hall
Berkeley, CA 94720
United States

Eva Bellin

Brandeis University ( email )

United States

Andrew Bennett

Georgetown University - Department of Government ( email )

ICC, Suite 681
Washington, DC 20057-1034
United States

Lisa Björkman

University of Louisville ( email )

Louisville, KY 40292
United States

Erik Bleich

Middlebury College ( email )

Middlebury, VT 05753
United States

Zachary Elkins

University of Texas, Austin ( email )

2317 Speedway
Austin, TX 78712
United States

Tasha Fairfield

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

Nikhar Gaikwad

Columbia University - Department of Political Science ( email )

7th Floor, International Affairs Bldg.
420 W. 118th Street
New York, NY 10027
United States

Sheena Chestnut Greitens

University of Missouri ( email )

309 Professional Bldg.
Columbia, MI 65211-6030
United States

Mary Hawkesworth

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - New Brunswick/Piscataway

Veronica Herrera

University of Connecticut ( email )

No Address Available

Yoshiko M. Herrera

University of Wisconsin - Madison - Department of Political Science ( email )

1050 Bascom Mall
Madison, WI 53706
United States

Kimberley S Johnson

New York University (NYU) ( email )

Bobst Library, E-resource Acquisitions
20 Cooper Square 3rd Floor
New York, NY 10003-711
United States

Ekrem Karakoç

University of Montreal ( email )

Kendra Koivu

University of New Mexico ( email )

Marcus Kreuzer

Villanova University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Villanova, PA 19085
United States
610-519-5300 (Phone)

Milli Lake

London School of Economics & Political Science (LSE) ( email )

Houghton Street
London, WC2A 2AE
United Kingdom

Timothy W. Luke

Virginia Polytechnic Institute & State University ( email )

Lauren Morris MacLean

Indiana University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Bloomington, IN
United States

Samantha Majic

City University of New York - Department of Political Science

New York, NY
United States

Rahsaan Maxwell

University of North Carolina (UNC) at Chapel Hill ( email )

102 Ridge Road
Chapel Hill, NC NC 27514
United States

Zachariah Mampilly

Vassar College

Robert Mickey

University of Michigan at Ann Arbor - Department of Political Science ( email )

Ann Arbor, MI 48109
United States
7346453305 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www-personal.umich.edu/~rmickey

Kimberly J. Morgan

George Washington University ( email )

2121 I Street NW
Washington, DC 20052
United States

Sarah Parkinson

University of Minnesota - Minneapolis - Humphrey School of Public Affairs ( email )

130 Humphrey School, 301 19th Ave. S
Minneapolis, MN 55455
United States

Craig Parsons

University of Oregon ( email )

1280 University of Oregon
Eugene, OR 97403
United States

Wendy Pearlman

Northwestern University, Judd A. and Marjorie Weinberg College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Political Science, Students ( email )

601 University Place (Scott Hall)
Evanston, IL 60201
United States

Mark A. Pollack

Temple University - Department of Political Science ( email )

461 Gladfelter Hall
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

Temple University - James E. Beasley School of Law ( email )

1719 N. Broad Street
Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

Elliot Posner

Case Western Reserve University ( email )

10900 Euclid Ave.
Cleveland, OH 44106
United States

Rachel Beatty Riedl

Northwestern University

Edward Schatz

University of Toronto

Carsten Schneider

Central European University (CEU) ( email )

Nador utca 9
Budapest, H-1051
Hungary

Jillian M. Schwedler

Hunter College ( email )

695 Park Ave
New York, NY 10065
United States

Anastasia Shesterinina

University of Sheffield ( email )

17 Mappin Street
Sheffield, Sheffield S1 4DT
United Kingdom

Erica Simmons

University of Wisconsin - Madison ( email )

716 Langdon Street
Madison, WI 53706-1481
United States

Diane Singerman

American University - School of Public Affairs ( email )

Washington, DC 20016
United States

Hillel David Soifer

Temple University ( email )

Philadelphia, PA 19122
United States

Nicholas Smith

City College of New York ( email )

Convert Avenue at 138th Street
New York, NY 10031
United States

Scott Spitzer

Division of Politics, Administration and Justice ( email )

800 N State College St
Fullerton, CA 92831
United States

California State University, Fullerton ( email )

800 N State College St
Fullerton, CA 92831
United States

Jonas Tallberg

Stockholm University - Department of Political Science ( email )

Universitetsvägen 10
Stockholm, Stockholm SE-106 91
Sweden

Susan Thomson

Colgate University

Antonio Vázquez-Arroyo

Rutgers, The State University of New Jersey - Rutgers University, Newark ( email )

180 University Avenue
Newark, NJ 07102
United States

Barbara Vis

Utrecht University School of Governance ( email )

Bijlhouwerstraat 6
Utrecht, 3511 ZC
Netherlands

Lisa Wedeen

University of Chicago ( email )

1101 East 58th Street
Chicago, IL 60637
United States

Juliet Williams

University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA) ( email )

405 Hilgard Avenue
Box 951361
Los Angeles, CA 90095
United States
310-794-7954 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.genderstudies.ucla.edu/faculty/juliet-williams

Elisabeth Jean Wood

Yale University ( email )

New Haven, CT 06520
United States

Santa Fe Institute

1399 Hyde Park Road
Santa Fe, NM 87501
United States

Deborah Yashar

Princeton University ( email )

22 Chambers Street
Princeton, NJ 08544-0708
United States

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