Voting with One's Neighbors: Evidence from Migration within Mexico
44 Pages Posted: 18 Feb 2021
Date Written: November 1, 2020
We study how proximate neighbors aﬀect one’s propensity to vote using data on 12 million registered voters in Mexico. To identify this eﬀect, we exploit idiosyncratic variation at the neighborhood block level resulting from approximately one million relocation decisions. We ﬁnd that when individuals move to blocks where people vote more (less) they themselves start voting more (less). We show that this ﬁnding is not the result of selection into neighborhoods or of place-based factors that determine turnout, but rather peer eﬀects. Consistent with this claim, we ﬁnd a contagion eﬀect for non-movers and show that neighbors from the same block are much more likely to perform an electoral procedure on the same exact day as neighbors who live on diﬀerent blocks within a neighborhood.
Keywords: neighborhoods, peer eﬀects, voter registration, voting in developing countries, turnout
JEL Classification: D72, Z10, J15, O15
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation