Toward Understanding the Bitcoin Mining and Exchange Markets

43 Pages Posted: 17 Mar 2021 Last revised: 18 Apr 2023

See all articles by Chen Jin

Chen Jin

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Information Systems and Analytics

Bowen Lou

University of Connecticut - Operations & Information Management Department

Liangfei Qiu

University of Florida - Warrington College of Business Administration

Jiding Zhang

Arizona State University (ASU) - Department of Information Systems

Date Written: October 7, 2022

Abstract

In this study, we formulate a systematic framework that encompasses key dimensions of the Bitcoin exchange market, exchange rate and liquidity, and jointly model the entry and exit of the Bitcoin mining market, characterized by the supply and demand of mining rigs. We empirically estimate the effect of the Bitcoin exchange market on the mining market, and demonstrate that Bitcoin investors tend to associate a higher valuation of Bitcoin with a higher Bitcoin exchange rate and consider the liquidity of the market when making mining decisions. By leveraging a unique dataset of the purchase and listing of mining rigs from a leading e-commerce platform, we find that the effects of key dimensions are pronounced for investors, as potential entrants to the Bitcoin mining market. They have a significant impact on the demand for mining rigs. Furthermore, our results indicate that the electricity consumption of mining Bitcoin moderates the effect of the Bitcoin exchange rate and liquidity on the demand for mining rigs. Overall, this study elucidates the economic implications of Bitcoin exchanges on Bitcoin mining activities, which contribute to the operational performance of the Bitcoin system. It enriches our understanding of the Bitcoin market evaluation by investors and the exposition of interdependencies between different IT-enabled markets more broadly.

Keywords: Blockchain, Bitcoin, Mining rig, Trading, IT-enabled markets

Suggested Citation

Jin, Chen and Lou, Bowen and Qiu, Liangfei and Zhang, Jiding, Toward Understanding the Bitcoin Mining and Exchange Markets (October 7, 2022). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=3776923 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3776923

Chen Jin

National University of Singapore (NUS) - Department of Information Systems and Analytics ( email )

Singapore

Bowen Lou (Contact Author)

University of Connecticut - Operations & Information Management Department ( email )

Liangfei Qiu

University of Florida - Warrington College of Business Administration ( email )

Gainesville, FL 32611
United States

HOME PAGE: http://sites.google.com/site/qiuliangfei/

Jiding Zhang

Arizona State University (ASU) - Department of Information Systems ( email )

Tempe, AZ
United States

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