Female Labor Supply and Child Care in France

34 Pages Posted: 11 Nov 2003

See all articles by Philippe Choné

Philippe Choné

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST); CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

David Leblanc

World Bank

Isabelle Robert-Bobee

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE); National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST)

Date Written: October 2003

Abstract

We use French household data to estimate a structural model of female labor supply and use of paid child care outside the home. Child care costs are found to have little impact on the labor market participation decision of mothers. The model is used to study various policy issues. The influence of the current tax credit on child care expenditures on the mothers' labor supply is weak. Suppressing the APE (Parental Allowance for the Education) would cause the female participation rate in our sample to rise by 4 points and the proportion of mothers using paid care to rise by 2 points. The responses of women to policy changes are very heterogenous. Macroeconomic changes in female labor supply are equally due to switches between non-participation and participation and switches between working hours by working women.

Keywords: female labor supply, child care, welfare participation, fiscal policy

JEL Classification: J13, J22, H31, C15

Suggested Citation

Choné, Philippe and Leblanc, David and Robert-Bobee, Isabelle, Female Labor Supply and Child Care in France (October 2003). Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=462429 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.462429

Philippe Choné

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST) ( email )

15 Boulevard Gabriel Peri
Malakoff Cedex, 1 92245
France

CESifo (Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute)

Poschinger Str. 5
Munich, DE-81679
Germany

David Leblanc

World Bank ( email )

1818 H Street, N.W.
Washington, DC 20433
United States
202-458-0990 (Phone)

Isabelle Robert-Bobee (Contact Author)

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) ( email )

18, Boulevard Adolphe-Pinard
75675 Paris Cedex 14
France

National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE) - Center for Research in Economics and Statistics (CREST)

15 Boulevard Gabriel Peri
Malakoff Cedex, 1 92245
France

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