Ralf Michaels

Duke University School of Law

Arthur Larson Professor of Law

210 Science Drive

Box 90362

Durham, NC 27708

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

49

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19,258

CITATIONS
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42

Scholarly Papers (49)

1.

The Functional Method of Comparative Law

THE OXFORD HANDBOOK OF COMPARATIVE LAW, Mathias Reimann & Reinhard Zimmermann, eds., Oxford University Press, Forthcoming, Duke Law School Legal Studies Paper No. 87
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 03 Nov 2005
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 2,323 (5,516)
Citation 19

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2.
Downloads 1,538 ( 10,953)

Global Legal Pluralism

Annual Review of Law & Social Science, Vol. 5, 2009, Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Research Paper No. 259
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 11 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 08 Sep 2009
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 1,538 (10,754)

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state, community, international law, comparative law, conflict of laws, recognition

Global Legal Pluralism

Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 5, pp. 243-262, 2009
Posted: 04 Jun 2010
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law

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3.

International Law in Domestic Courts: A Conflict of Laws Approach

American Society of International Law Proceedings, Vol. 103, 2009, Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Paper No. 253, Cornell Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-016
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 03 Jun 2009
Karen Knop, Ralf Michaels and Annelise Riles
University of Toronto - Faculty of Law, Duke University School of Law and Cornell University - Law School
Downloads 1,284 (14,576)
Citation 12

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International law and domestic courts, Conflict of Laws, Private International Law, International Law

4.

The True Lex Mercatoria: Law Beyond the State

Indiana Journal of Global Legal Studies, Vol. 14, No. 2, 2008, Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Paper No. 220
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 05 Sep 2008
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 1,036 (20,172)
Citation 18

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5.

Globalizing Savigny? The State in Savigny's Private International Law and the Challenge of Europeanization and Globalization

Duke Law School Legal Studies Paper No. 74
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 07 Sep 2005
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 1,009 (21,044)
Citation 3

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Savigny, private, international law

6.

Conflict of Norms or Conflict of Laws? Different Techniques in the Fragmentation of Public International Law

MULTI-SOURCE EQUIVALENT NORMS IN INTERNATIONAL LAW, Tomer Broude & Yuval Shany, eds., Oxford: Hart, 2010
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 28 Jan 2010 Last Revised: 27 Dec 2014
Ralf Michaels and Joost Pauwelyn
Duke University School of Law and Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies (IHEID)
Downloads 777 (30,513)
Citation 3

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7.

Private Law Beyond the State? Europeanization, Globalization, Privatization

American Journal of Comparative Law, Vol. 54, No. 4, 2006, Duke Law School Research Paper No. 137
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 15 Jan 2007
Ralf Michaels and Nils Jansen
Duke University School of Law and University of Muenster
Downloads 773 (30,752)
Citation 12

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8.

EU Law as Private International Law? Re-Conceptualising the Country-of-Origin Principle as Vested Rights Theory

Duke Law School Legal Studies Paper No. 122
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 30 Aug 2006
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 738 (32,745)
Citation 12

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9.

Globalization and Law: Law Beyond the State

Law and Social Theory (Banakar & Travers eds., Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2013), Forthcoming
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 29 Mar 2013 Last Revised: 27 Dec 2014
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 735 (32,940)
Citation 7

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globalization, transnational law

10.

The New European Choice-of-Law Revolution

Tulane Law Review, Vol. 82, No. 5, 2008, Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Paper No. 219
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 05 Sep 2008
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 578 (45,459)
Citation 2

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11.

From Multiculturalism to Technique: Feminism, Culture and the Conflict of Laws Style

Stanford Law Review, Vol. 64, No. 3, 2012, Cornell Legal Studies Research Paper No. 11-30
Number of pages: 68 Posted: 07 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 06 Jun 2017
Karen Knop, Ralf Michaels and Annelise Riles
University of Toronto - Faculty of Law, Duke University School of Law and Cornell University - Law School
Downloads 549 (48,559)
Citation 2

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conflict of laws, feminism

12.

Jurisdiction and Choice of Law in International Antitrust Law – A U.S. Perspective

INTERNATIONAL ANTITRUST LITIGATION: CONFLICT OF LAWS AND COORDINATION (STUDIES IN PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW), Jürgen Basedow, Stéphanie Francq, Laurence Idot, eds., Oxford: Hart Publishing, 2012, Indiana Legal Studies Research Paper No. 1974545
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 20 Dec 2011
Hannah L. Buxbaum and Ralf Michaels
Indiana University Bloomington Maurer School of Law and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 548 (48,664)

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antitrust, European law, comparative law, international litigation

13.

Non-State Law in the Hague Principles on Choice of Law in International Contracts

Festschrift, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 28 Jan 2014
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 525 (51,373)

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non-state law, choice of law, international contracts

14.

Private Law and the State: Comparative Perceptions and Historical Observations

Rabels Zeitschrift Fuer Auslaendisches Und Internationales Privatrecht, Vol. 71, No. 2, 2007, Duke Law School Legal Studies Paper No. 136
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 05 Jan 2007
Ralf Michaels and Nils Jansen
Duke University School of Law and University of Muenster
Downloads 478 (57,837)
Citation 7

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15.

Private or International? Two Economic Models for Private International Law of Torts

JÜRGEN BASEDOW & TOSHIYUKI KONO (eds.), PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW AND ECONOMIC ANALYSIS, Mohr, Forthcoming, Duke Law School Legal Studies Paper No. 73
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 12 Sep 2005
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 460 (60,660)
Citation 1

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torts, international, law

16.

Does Brexit Spell the Death of Transnational Law?

German Law Journal (Brexit Suppl.), Vol. 17, p. 51, 2016, Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2016-41
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 07 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 03 Sep 2016
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 455 (61,491)
Citation 1

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17.

The Re-State-Ment of Non-State Law: The State, Choice of Law, and the Challenge from Global Legal Pluralism

Wayne Law Review, Forthcoming, Duke Law School Legal Studies Paper No. 81
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 27 Sep 2005
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 432 (65,451)
Citation 9

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18.

After the Revolution – Decline and Return of U.S. Conflicts of Laws

Yearbook of Private International Law, Vol. 11, pp. 11-30, 2009
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 17 May 2010
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 366 (79,655)

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interdiscipline, Restatement Conflict of Laws, same sex marriage, law and economics, legal pluralism

19.

Some Fundamental Jurisdictional Conceptions as Applied in Judgment Conventions

CONFLICT OF LAWS IN A GLOBALIZING WORLD: A TRIBUTE TO ARTHUR VON MEHREN, Eckart Gottschalk, Ralf Michaels, Giesela Rühl, Jan von Hein, eds., Cambridge University Press, Forthcoming, Duke Law School Legal Studies Paper No. 123
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 30 Aug 2006
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 345 (85,326)
Citation 2

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20.

Public and Private International Law: German Views on Global Issues

Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Paper No. 218, Journal of Private International Law, Vol. 4, No. 1
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 28 Aug 2008
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 310 (96,040)
Citation 2

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21.

Foreword: Transdisciplinary Conflict of Laws

Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 71, No. 3, 2008, Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Paper No. 252, Cornell Legal Studies Research Paper No. 09-015
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 02 Jun 2009 Last Revised: 16 Jul 2009
Karen Knop, Ralf Michaels and Annelise Riles
University of Toronto - Faculty of Law, Duke University School of Law and Cornell University - Law School
Downloads 305 (97,730)

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conflict of laws, private international law, legal theory, colonialism, feminism, anthropology, legal history

22.

The UNIDROIT Principles as Global Background Law

Uniform Law Review, Vol. 19, no. 4 (2014)
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 01 Oct 2014
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 301 (99,124)
Citation 3

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23.

'One Size Can Fit All' – On the Mass Production of Legal Transplants

ORDER FROM TRANSFER—STUDIES IN COMPARATIVE (CONSTITUTIONAL) LAW, Günter Frankenberg ed., Elgar, 2013
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 20 Dec 2012
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 298 (100,196)
Citation 1

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law reform, law and culture, comparative law

24.

Transnationalizing Comparative Law

Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law, Forthcoming, Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2016-8, TLI Think! Paper 02/2016
Number of pages: 7 Posted: 20 Dec 2015 Last Revised: 20 Jan 2016
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 278 (108,008)

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25.

Comparative Law by Numbers? Legal Origins Thesis, Doing Business Reports, and the Silence of Traditional Comparative Law

American Journal of Comparative Law, Vol. 57, p. 765, 2009
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 28 Jan 2010
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 266 (113,120)
Citation 17

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26.

The Mirage of Non-State Governance

Utah Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 21 May 2010
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 209 (143,868)
Citation 3

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comparative law, NGOs, governance structures, globalization

27.

Economics of Law as Choice of Law

Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 71, No. 3, pp. 73-104, 2008
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 23 Jul 2009
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 206 (145,742)
Citation 2

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choice of law, country of origin, governmental interest analysis, better-law approach

28.

Of Islands and the Ocean: The Two Rationalities of European Private Law

THE FOUNDATIONS OF EUROPEAN PRIVATE LAW, Roger Brownsword, Hans-W Micklitz, Leone Niglia, Steve Weatherill, eds., Hart Publishing, 2011
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 25 Apr 2011
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 196 (152,793)
Citation 1

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29.

Comparative Law and Private International Law

Forthcoming in, Elgar Encyclopedia of Private International Law (Jürgen Basedow et al. eds.), Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2016-50
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 08 Oct 2016
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 172 (171,834)

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Adaptation, Better law, False conflicts, Forum non conveniens, Comparative impairment, Interest analysis Ordre public, Renvoi,Transposition, Unification of private international law, Universalism

30.

Why We Have No Theory of European Private Law Pluralism

Forthcoming in Pluralism and European Private Law (Leone Niglia, ed., Hart, 2013)
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 01 Aug 2012
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 154 (188,829)

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european law, private law, legal pluralism, comparative law

31.

Legal Medievalism in Lex Mercatoria Scholarship

Texas Law Review See Also, Vol. 90, 2012
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 10 Jun 2012
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 133 (212,715)
Citation 4

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32.

Law and Recognition — Towards a Relational Concept of Law

Forthcoming in, Pursuit of Pluralist Jurisprudence (Nicole Roughan & Andrew Halpin eds., Cambridge University Press), Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 43
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 13 Jul 2016 Last Revised: 07 Sep 2016
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 129 (217,939)

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33.

International Arbitration as Private or Public Good

Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2017-57
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 16 Aug 2017
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 122 (227,296)

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34.

Private International Law As an Ethic of Responsivity

Forthcoming, Diversity and Integration in Private International Law (Veronica Ruiz Abou-Nigm & Maria Blanca Noodt Taquela eds, Edinburgh University Press, 2019), Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2018=57
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 18 Sep 2018
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 119 (231,553)

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recognition, Levinas, tolerance, responsivity

35.

Empagran’s Empire: International Law and Statutory Interpretation in the US Supreme Court of the 21st Century

THE U.S. SUPREME COURT AND INTERNATIONAL LAW; CONTINUITY OR CHANGE?, David L. Sloss, Michael D. Ramsey & William S. Dodge eds., Cambridge University Press, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 21 Oct 2010 Last Revised: 27 Dec 2014
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 112 (241,980)

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antitrust, international law, statutory interpretation, civil litigation

36.

The Conflicts Restatement and the World

AJIL Unbound, Vol. 110, p. 155 (2016), Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2016-51
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 08 Oct 2016 Last Revised: 25 Oct 2016
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 108 (248,336)

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37.

Jurisdiction, Foundations

Forthcoming in Elgar Encyclopedia of Private International Law (Jürgen Basedow et al. eds.), Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2016-53
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 10 Oct 2016 Last Revised: 24 Nov 2016
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 100 (261,788)

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Forum non conveniens, Jurisdiction direct and indirect, Jurisdiction in personam and in rem, Jurisdiction levels of regulation, Jurisdiction of necessity, subject matter Jurisdiction, Lis alibi pe

38.

Dreaming Denationalized Law – Scholarship on Autonomous International Arbitration as Utopian Literature

1 London Review of International Law 35-62 (2013)
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 10 Sep 2013 Last Revised: 27 Dec 2014
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 94 (272,521)
Citation 2

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international arbitration, non-state law, commercial arbitration

39.

Rollen Und Rollenverständnisse Im Transnationalen Privatrecht (Roles and Role Perceptions in Transnational Private Law)

Berichte der Deutschen Vereinigung für internationales Recht, Vol. 45, 2011
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 04 Oct 2011
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 94 (272,521)

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40.

Code vs. Code: Nationalist and Internationalist Images of the Code Civil in the French Resistance to a European Codification

European Review of Contract Law, Vol. 8, Forthcoming 2012
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 24 May 2012
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 90 (280,196)
Citation 2

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41.

Symposium: Success and Limits of Competition Law and Policy in Developing Countries

Law and Contemporary Problems, Vol. 79, No. 4, 2016, GWU Legal Studies Research Paper, GWU Law School Public Law Research Paper
Number of pages: 252 Posted: 12 Jan 2018
Technische Universität München (TUM) - School of Governance - Hochschule für Politik, Instituto de Ciencia Política, Pontifica Universidad Católica de Chile, Monterey Institute of International Studies, Nathan Associates, New York University School of Law, Facultad de Derecho - Universidad de Chile, George Washington University - Competition Law Center, George Washington University - Law School, European University Institute - Department of Law (LAW), University of Lucerne and Duke University School of Law
Downloads 86 (288,375)

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antitrust, competition law, competition policy, developing countries

42.

Joseph Story

Forthcoming in Elgar Encyclopedia of Private International Law (Jürgen Basedow et al. eds.) , Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2016-56
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 11 Oct 2016 Last Revised: 24 Nov 2016
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 80 (301,228)

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43.

The Functionalism of Legal Origins

DOES LAW MATTER? ON LAW AND ECONOMIC GROWTH, 21-39 (100 Ius Commune Europaeum, Michael Faure & Jan Smits eds., 2011)
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 29 Mar 2013
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 78 (305,794)

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44.

How Asian Should Asian Law Be? – An Outsider’s View

Forthcoming, Convergence of Commercial Laws in Asia: Methods and Drivers edited by Gary Low and Maartje de Visser, Cambridge University Press, Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2018-58
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 18 Sep 2018
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 68 (330,273)

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comparative law, Asian law, Law & History

45.

Internationalizing the New Conflict of Laws Restatement

Duke Journal of Comparative & International Law, Vol. 27, No. 3, 2017, UC Irvine School of Law Research Paper No. 2018-15, Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2018-28
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 15 Mar 2018
Ralf Michaels and Christopher A. Whytock
Duke University School of Law and University of California, Irvine, School of Law
Downloads 65 (338,244)

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Choice of Law, Conflict of Laws, Private International Law, International Law, Comparative Law, Restatement, Transnational Litigation, International Litigation

46.

Global Legal Pluralism and Conflict of Laws

Oxford Handbook of Global Legal Pluralism (Forthcoming), Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2019-32
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 15 May 2019 Last Revised: 05 Jul 2019
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 45 (400,537)
Citation 17

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conflict of laws, law and globalization, legal theory, legal pluralism

47.

Private International Law and the Question of Universal Values

Forthcoming, The Continuing Relevance of Private International Law (Franco Ferrari & Diego P. Fernández Arroyo eds., Elgar, 2019) , Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2019-35
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 09 May 2019
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 41 (415,121)

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values, justice, universality, pluralism, responsivity, technique

48.

Carl Georg Von Wächter

Forthcoming in Elgar Encyclopedia of Private International Law (Jürgen Basedow et al. eds.), Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2016-55
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 11 Oct 2016 Last Revised: 24 Nov 2016
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 33 (447,545)

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lex fori, Party autonomy, Savigny, theory, of statutes vested rights, politicization of private international law, delict

49.

After the Backlash: A New PRIDE for Transnational Law

Forthcoming, Jessup's Bold Proposal: Critical Engagements with Transnational Law (Peer Zumbansen ed., Cambridge University Press, 2019), Duke Law School Public Law & Legal Theory Series No. 2019-26
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 12 Apr 2019
Ralf Michaels
Duke University School of Law
Downloads 17 (532,363)

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transnational law, Brexit, legal theory, European Union