Robert C. Bird

University of Connecticut - School of Business

Professor of Business Law & Eversource Energy Chair in Business Ethics

368 Fairfield Road

Storrs, CT 06269-2041

United States

http://businesslaw.business.uconn.edu/robert-bird/

University of Connecticut School of Law

Research Fellow

55 Elizabeth Street

Hartford, CT 06105

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

58

DOWNLOADS
Rank 4,721

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 4,721

in Total Papers Downloads

15,927

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 13,247

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 13,247

in Total Papers Citations

63

CROSSREF CITATIONS

52

Ideas:
“  I'm currently working on the role of law in business education and also the role of legal knowledge in business. I welcome any inquiries.  ”

Scholarly Papers (58)

1.

The Impact of Compulsory Licensing on Foreign Direct Investment: A Collective Bargaining Approach

American Business Law Journal, Vol. 45, No. 2, 2008
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 15 Feb 2008 Last Revised: 18 Feb 2008
Robert C. Bird and Daniel R. Cahoy
University of Connecticut - School of Business and Pennsylvania State University - Mary Jean and Frank P. Smeal College of Business Administration
Downloads 941 (47,013)

Abstract:

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patent, intellectual property, compulsory license, global health, TRIPS, game theory

2.

Defending Intellectual Property Rights in the Bric Economies

Number of pages: 39 Posted: 29 Sep 2005
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 844 (54,645)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Intellectual property, international, patent, copyright, trademark, unilateral initiative, sanctions, coercion

3.

Employment as a Relational Contract

Number of pages: 57 Posted: 01 Jun 2005
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 666 (74,628)

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Employment law, relational contract, wrongful discharge, norms, workplace

4.

Promoting Business Success Through Contract Visualization

Journal of Law, Business & Ethics, Vol. 17, 2011
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 21 Jan 2011
University of Connecticut - School of Business, University of Connecticut - School of Business and Lexpert Ltd
Downloads 657 (76,076)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Contract, Agreement, Visualization, Proactive Law

5.

The Domains of Corporate Counsel in an Era of Compliance

American Business Law Journal, Vol. 53, No. 2, 2016
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 13 Jul 2015 Last Revised: 29 Apr 2016
Robert C. Bird and Stephen Park
University of Connecticut - School of Business and University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 648 (77,270)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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corporate compliance, corporate governance, corporate culture, business ethics, corporate counsel, chief legal officer, chief compliance officer

6.

The Emerging BRIC Economies: Lessons from Intellectual Property Negotiation and Enforcement

Northwestern Journal of Technology and Intellectual Property, Vol. 5, No. 3, 2007
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 28 Nov 2007
Robert C. Bird and Daniel R. Cahoy
University of Connecticut - School of Business and Pennsylvania State University - Mary Jean and Frank P. Smeal College of Business Administration
Downloads 630 (80,015)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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intellectual property, complusory licensing, foreign direct investment

7.

Can Compulsory Licensing Improve Access to Essential Medicines?

Number of pages: 21 Posted: 23 Apr 2008
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 619 (81,801)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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patent, intellectual property, compulsory licensing, pharmaceuticals, developing country

8.

Law as a Source of Competitive Advantage

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 22 Feb 2007
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 567 (91,306)

Abstract:

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employment law, intellectual property law, strategy, competition, competitive advantage,

9.

Law, Strategy, and Competitive Advantage

Number of pages: 31 Posted: 14 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 08 Mar 2011
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 558 (93,203)
Citation 9

Abstract:

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competitive advantage, strategy, legal environment, firm behavior

10.

Legal and Regulatory Aspects of Enterprise Risk Management for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

Enterprise Risk Management for Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises (Society of Actuaries, 2015)
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 15 Dec 2014 Last Revised: 16 Jun 2015
Robert C. Bird and Stephen Park
University of Connecticut - School of Business and University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 529 (99,608)

Abstract:

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risk management, enterprise risk management, entrepreneurship, small business, corporate governance

11.

Moral Rights: Diagnosis and Rehabilitation

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 28 Nov 2007
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 527 (100,096)

Abstract:

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intellectual property, copyright, moral rights

12.

Counterfeit Drugs: The Consumer Perspective

Number of pages: 17 Posted: 28 Nov 2007
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 513 (103,488)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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intellectual property, counterfeit drugs, medicines, consumer behavior

13.

Turning Corporate Compliance Into Competitive Advantage

University of Pennsylvania Journal of Business Law, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2017
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 12 Apr 2016 Last Revised: 22 May 2017
Robert C. Bird and Stephen Park
University of Connecticut - School of Business and University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 486 (110,428)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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corporate compliance, risk-intelligent compliance, New Governance, collaborative regulation, disclosure regulation, organizational integrity, enterprise risk management

14.

VUCA and the Legal Environment of Business

University of Connecticut School of Business Research Paper No. 18-09
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 16 Feb 2018 Last Revised: 18 Nov 2018
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 450 (120,974)

Abstract:

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15.

The Role of the Chief Legal Officer in Corporate Governance

Journal of Corporate Finance, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 17 Jan 2014 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2019
Robert C. Bird, Paul Borochin and John D. Knopf
University of Connecticut - School of Business, University of Florida - Department of Finance, Insurance and Real Estate and University of Connecticut - Department of Finance
Downloads 437 (125,264)
Citation 9

Abstract:

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Corporate governance, internal governance, executive compensation, securities class actions

16.

Pathways of Legal Strategy

Stanford Journal of Law, Business, and Finance, Vol. 14, No. 1, 2008
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 06 Jun 2018
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 402 (137,965)

Abstract:

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legal strategy, competitive advantage

17.

A Shift Too Far: The Failure to Recognize Shiftwork Maladaptation Syndrome as an Injury Under Workers' Compensation Law

Midwest Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 07 Dec 2007
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 358 (156,994)

Abstract:

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shiftwork, employment law, workers' compensation, disability

18.

Bridging the Credibility Gap between Transnational Corporations and Human Rights

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 28 Mar 2011
Robert C. Bird and Lucien Joseph Dhooge
University of Connecticut - School of Business and Georgia Institute of Technology - Scheller College of Business
Downloads 330 (171,347)

Abstract:

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19.

Can Law Be a Source of Sustainable Competitive Advantage?

Number of pages: 20 Posted: 18 May 2007
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 324 (174,749)

Abstract:

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strategy, competitive advantage, law

20.

Do Wrongful Discharge Laws Impair Firm Performance?

Journal of Law and Economics, May 2009
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 26 Nov 2005 Last Revised: 10 May 2008
Robert C. Bird and John D. Knopf
University of Connecticut - School of Business and University of Connecticut - Department of Finance
Downloads 290 (196,369)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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Employment Protection, Wrongful Discharge, Unjust Dismissal, Employment at Will,Employment law, wrongful discharge, good faith, public policy, efficiency, banks

21.

Operational Risk and the New Caremark Liability for Boards of Directors

Boston University Law Review, Forthcoming, Kelley School of Business Research Paper No. 2023-4376029
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 07 Mar 2023
Robert C. Bird and Julie Manning Magid
University of Connecticut - School of Business and Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Business Law
Downloads 287 (198,484)

Abstract:

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corporate governance, board of directors, shareholder litigation, Caremark

22.

The Impact of the Moseley Decision on Trademark Dilution Law

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 18 May 2006
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 278 (204,967)
Citation 2

Abstract:

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trademark, dilution, marketing, consumer survey, intellectual property

23.

The Impact of Local Knowledge on Banking

Number of pages: 41 Posted: 03 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 23 Apr 2014
Robert C. Bird and John D. Knopf
University of Connecticut - School of Business and University of Connecticut - Department of Finance
Downloads 273 (208,848)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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labor mobility, local knowledge, relationship banking, covenants not to compete, banks, banking regulation

24.

Why Don't More Employers Adopt Flexible Working Time?

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 14 Dec 2014
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 272 (209,631)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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flextime, flexible working time, working hours

25.

Caremark Compliance for the Next Twenty-Five Years

Bird, Robert C. (forthcoming 2021), “Caremark Compliance for the Next Twenty-Five Years,” American Business Law Journal, 58(1), ___-___.
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 16 Apr 2020 Last Revised: 25 Jun 2020
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 256 (222,657)

Abstract:

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26.

The Impact of Legal Standing Rules on Deceptive and Legitimate Advertising Activity

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 22 Apr 2008
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 251 (227,095)

Abstract:

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trademark, advertising, standing, federal trade commission, Lanham Act

27.

Legal Strategy During Legal Uncertainty: The Case of Cannabis Regulation

Stanford Journal of Law, Business, and Finance, Vol. 26, p. 362 (2021)
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 18 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 04 May 2021
W. Michael Schuster and Robert C. Bird
University of Georgia - C. Herman and Mary Virginia Terry College of Business and University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 249 (228,923)

Abstract:

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business, cannabis, CBD, controlled substance, drug policy, entrepreneurship, federalism, hemp, legalization, legislation, marihuana, marijuana, medical marijuana, policy, preemption, prohibition, regulation, strategy, trademark, intellectual property, law and strategy

28.

Do Boards Have Style? Evidence from Director Style Divergence and Board Turnover

University of Connecticut School of Business Research Paper No. 19-01
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 08 Dec 2021
Robert C. Bird, Paul Borochin, John D. Knopf and Luchun Ma
University of Connecticut - School of Business, University of Florida - Department of Finance, Insurance and Real Estate, University of Connecticut - Department of Finance and University of Connecticut
Downloads 226 (251,396)

Abstract:

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Board of Directors, Corporate Governance, Board Dynamics

29.

An Employment Contract 'Instinct with an Obligation': Good Faith Costs and Context

Pace Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 28 Nov 2007
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 219 (258,903)

Abstract:

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contracts, employment, good faith, wrongful discharge

30.

Anti-GMO and Vaccine-Autism Public Policy Campaigns in the Court of Public Opinion

University of Connecticut School of Business Research Paper No. 20-06, Hastings Law Journal, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 20 Feb 2020 Last Revised: 12 Feb 2021
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 204 (276,488)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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genetically modified foods, vaccines, law and science, public policy

31.

Shiftwork and the Law

Berkeley Journal of Employment and Labor Law, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 27 Apr 2006
Robert C. Bird and Niki Mirtorabi
University of Connecticut - School of Business and Concord University - School of Law
Downloads 176 (315,563)

Abstract:

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employment law, shift work, americans with disabilities act, constructive discharge, retaliation

32.

Organic Corporate Governance

Boston College Law Review, Vol. 59, No. 1, 2018
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 24 Mar 2017 Last Revised: 29 Jan 2018
Robert C. Bird and Stephen Park
University of Connecticut - School of Business and University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 163 (337,156)

Abstract:

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corporate governance, corporate compliance, mutual monitoring, chief legal officer, general counsel, professional responsibility, securities regulation, shareholder activism, shareholder empowerment

33.

Rethinking Wrongful Discharge: A Descriptive-Continuum Approach

Number of pages: 57 Posted: 12 Aug 2003
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 163 (337,156)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Employment law, wrongful discharge, good faith, public policy

34.

Reviving Necessity in Eminent Domain

Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Vol. 33, 2010
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 25 May 2009 Last Revised: 29 Jun 2009
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 160 (342,583)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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eminent domain, necessity, public use, takings

35.

Corporate Voluntarism and Liability for Human Rights in a Post-Kiobel World

Kentucky Law Journal, Vol. 102, No. 3, 2014
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 01 Apr 2014
Robert C. Bird, Daniel R. Cahoy and Lucien J. Dhooge
University of Connecticut - School of Business, Pennsylvania State University - Mary Jean and Frank P. Smeal College of Business Administration and University of the Pacific (UOP) - Eberhardt School of Business
Downloads 149 (363,337)

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kiobel, human rights, ruggie, voluntarism

36.

Contractual Deterrence and the Ethical Supply Chain

University of Connecticut School of Business Research Paper No. 21-13
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 27 Aug 2021 Last Revised: 25 Oct 2021
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 138 (386,091)

Abstract:

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37.

Human Rights, Technology and Food: Coordinating Access and Innovation for 2050 and Beyond

Number of pages: 45 Posted: 09 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 14 Dec 2014
Robert C. Bird and Daniel R. Cahoy
University of Connecticut - School of Business and Pennsylvania State University - Mary Jean and Frank P. Smeal College of Business Administration
Downloads 136 (390,594)

Abstract:

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right to food, human rights, patents, intellectual property, John Ruggie, guiding principles

38.

Precarious Work: The Need for Flextime Employment Rights and Proposals for Reform

Number of pages: 33 Posted: 14 Dec 2014
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 124 (419,323)

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flexible working time, flextime, Americans with Disabilities Act, Family and Medical Leave Act, Fair Labor Standards Act

39.

Do Disability Laws Impair Firm Performance?

Number of pages: 46 Posted: 01 Sep 2008
Robert C. Bird and John D. Knopf
University of Connecticut - School of Business and University of Connecticut - Department of Finance
Downloads 121 (427,043)
Citation 2

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disability, empirical, ADA, employment, discrimination, accommodation

40.

The Role of Legal Precedents in the Diffusion of New Employment Doctrines, 1978-99

Number of pages: 50 Posted: 17 Jun 2006
Donald J. Smythe and Robert C. Bird
California Western School of Law and University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 116 (440,787)

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Employment-at-Will, Wrongful-Discharge, Social Networks, Contagion Effects

41.

The Structure of American Legal Institutions and the Diffusion of Wrongful-Discharge Laws, 1978-99

Law and Society Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 25 Jan 2008 Last Revised: 08 Nov 2015
Donald J. Smythe and Robert C. Bird
California Western School of Law and University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 115 (443,659)
Citation 2

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Employment-at-Will, Wrongful-Discharge, Social Networks, Legal Precedents, Network Effects

42.

The Final Frontier of Competitive Advantage

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 28 Mar 2011
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 103 (480,755)

Abstract:

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law and strategy, competitive advantage, book review

43.

Legally Astute Managers as a Source of Value in Organizations

Business Horizons, Forthcoming, University of Connecticut School of Business Research Paper No. 22-03
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 24 Nov 2021 Last Revised: 02 Mar 2022
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 102 (483,950)

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Legal knowledge, legal astuteness, compliance, business education, employee hiring and training

44.

Legal Precedents, Judicial Discretion, and the Diffusion of the Strict Liability Rule for Manufacturing Defects, 1963-87

Number of pages: 32 Posted: 28 Jul 2009 Last Revised: 08 Nov 2015
Robert C. Bird and Donald J. Smythe
University of Connecticut - School of Business and California Western School of Law
Downloads 99 (493,721)

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Diffusion, Social Networks, Legal Precedents, Judicial Discretion, Manufacturing Defects, Strict Liability

45.

The United Kingdom Right to Request as a Model for Flexible Work in the European Union

American Business Law Journal, Vol. 55, No. 1, 2018
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 16 Nov 2016 Last Revised: 30 Apr 2018
Robert C. Bird and Elizabeth Brown
University of Connecticut - School of Business and Bentley University
Downloads 98 (497,090)

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Working Time Directive, flextime, employment law, working time, European Union

46.

Vaccinating Legal Scholarship from Distorted Science: Evidence from the Anti-GMO Movement

University of Missouri-Kansas City Law Review, Vol. 90, 2021, University of Connecticut School of Business Research Paper No. 20-03
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 27 Mar 2020 Last Revised: 02 Apr 2020
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 88 (532,372)

Abstract:

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genetically modified foods, autism citation analysis, public health, health policy

47.

What is the Impact of Legal Strategy?

61 Am. Bus. L.J. ___ (Forthcoming).
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 13 Dec 2023 Last Revised: 12 Feb 2024
Robert C. Bird and Justin Evans
University of Connecticut - School of Business and Georgia Southern University
Downloads 84 (547,689)

Abstract:

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legal strategy, citation analysis, law and strategy

48.

The Intersection of Smartphone Technology and Fair Labor Standards

Forthcoming in "Managing the Legal Nexus Between Intellectual Property and Employees: Domestic and Global Contexts" (M. Pagnattaro & L. Oswald, eds.)
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 22 Dec 2014
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 81 (559,877)

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working time, fair labor standards, FLSA, smartphones

49.

The Power of Uncertainty in Disability Law

Hamline Law Review, Vol. 34, 2011
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 09 Apr 2011
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 79 (568,074)

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disability law, reasonabe accommodation, ADA, disability discrimination

50.

Social Network Analysis and the Diffusion of the Strict Liability Rule for Manufacturing Defects, 1963-87

Law & Social Inquiry, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 23 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 08 Nov 2015
Robert C. Bird and Donald J. Smythe
University of Connecticut - School of Business and California Western School of Law
Downloads 78 (572,244)

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Social Network Analysis, Legal Precedents, Judicial Discretion, Manufacturing Defects, Products Liability

51.

Toward a Systems Architecture in Corporate Governance

University of Pennsylvania Journal of Business Law, Vol. 24, No. 1, 2021, Kelley School of Business Research Paper No. 2021-4349901
Number of pages: 60 Posted: 08 Feb 2023
Robert C. Bird and Julie Manning Magid
University of Connecticut - School of Business and Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Business Law
Downloads 72 (598,646)

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Corporate Governance, Systems Thinking, Shareholder Litigation, Caremark

52.

Interactive Regulation

University of Pennsylvania Journal of Business Law, Vol. 13, No. 4, 2011
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 20 Feb 2011
Robert C. Bird and Elizabeth Brown
University of Connecticut - School of Business and Bentley University
Downloads 65 (631,969)

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administrative law, regulatory flexibilty act, statutory reform

53.

From Suspicion to Sustainability in Global Supply Chains

Texas A&M Law Review, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 20 Feb 2020
Robert C. Bird and Vivek Soundararajan
University of Connecticut - School of Business and University of Bath
Downloads 54 (691,339)

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sustainability, global supply chains, trust, unilateral initiatives

54.

The Role of Precontractual Signals in Creating Sustainable Global Supply Chains

Journal of Business Ethics, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 14 Posted: 05 Dec 2018 Last Revised: 31 Jan 2020
Robert C. Bird and Vivek Soundararajan
University of Connecticut - School of Business and University of Bath
Downloads 48 (728,341)
Citation 2

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sustainability, global supply chains, precontract, framing, developing countries

55.

Special Report: Summit on the Academic Profession of Business Law

Bird, R.C., Kirschner, C. (2020), “Special Report: The Summit on the Academic Profession of Business Law,” Journal of Legal Studies Education, 37 (1), 87-109.
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 28 Aug 2020
Robert C. Bird and Cheryl Kirschner
University of Connecticut - School of Business and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 24 (917,395)
Citation 1

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56.

Necessity as a Check on State Eminent Domain Power

Posted: 14 Jan 2009
Robert C. Bird and Lynda J. Oswald
University of Connecticut - School of Business and University of Michigan, Stephen M. Ross School of Business

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eminent domain, necessity, condemnation, takings

57.

Rethinking Wrongful Discharge: A Continuum Approach

Posted: 23 Apr 2004
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business

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Employment law, wrongful discharge, good faith, public policy

58.

Tax Sham or Prudent Investment: Deconstructing the Government's Pyrrhic Victory in Salina Partnership V. Commissioner

Posted: 25 Jun 2003
Robert C. Bird and Alan L. Tucker
University of Connecticut - School of Business and Pace University - Lubin School of Business

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Other Papers (1)

Total Downloads: 235
1.

The Promise and Peril of Flexible Working Time

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 24 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 16 Dec 2014
Robert C. Bird
University of Connecticut - School of Business
Downloads 235

Abstract:

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flextime, working time, workplace schedules, workplace productivity, Americans with Disabilities Act