Employment Flexibility and Firm Performance: Examining the Interaction Effects of Employment Mode, Environmental Dynamism, and Technological Intensity

Journal of Management, Vol. 29, No. 5, pp. 681-703, 2003

23 Pages Posted: 17 Jul 2007

See all articles by David P. Lepak

David P. Lepak

Rutgers School of Management and Labor Relations - New Brunswick

Riki Takeuchi

Hong Kong University of Science & Technology (HKUST) - Department of Management & Organization

Scott A. Snell

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business; Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations

Abstract

Building on recent arguments advocating the benefits of different types of employment flexibility, we examine the relationships among the four types of employment (knowledge-based, job-based, contract, and alliances) and firm performance. The results indicate that a greater use of knowledge-based employment and contract work is positively associated with firm performance. The results also indicate that both knowledge-based employment and contract work positively interact with job-based employment to impact firm performance. In addition, the relationships between knowledge-based employment and firm performance, as well as between job-based employment and firm performance, vary across levels of technological intensity.

Suggested Citation

Lepak, David P. and Takeuchi, Riki and Snell, Scott A., Employment Flexibility and Firm Performance: Examining the Interaction Effects of Employment Mode, Environmental Dynamism, and Technological Intensity. Journal of Management, Vol. 29, No. 5, pp. 681-703, 2003, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1000841

David P. Lepak (Contact Author)

Rutgers School of Management and Labor Relations - New Brunswick ( email )

Piscataway, NJ 08854
United States

Riki Takeuchi

Hong Kong University of Science & Technology (HKUST) - Department of Management & Organization ( email )

Management Department
School of Business & Management, HKUST
Clear Water Bay, Kowloon
Hong Kong
852-2358-7741 (Phone)

HOME PAGE: http://www.bm.ust.hk/mgmt/staff/mnrikit.html

Scott A. Snell

University of Virginia - Darden School of Business ( email )

P.O. Box 6550
Charlottesville, VA 22906-6550
United States

HOME PAGE: http://www.darden.virginia.edu/html/direc_detail.aspx?styleid=2&id=10766

Cornell University - School of Industrial and Labor Relations ( email )

393 Ives Hall
Ithaca, NY 14853-3901
United States

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