Financial Openness and Productivity

41 Pages Posted: 7 Apr 2009 Last revised: 19 Sep 2012

See all articles by Geert Bekaert

Geert Bekaert

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics

Campbell R. Harvey

Duke University - Fuqua School of Business; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship Initiative

Christian T. Lundblad

University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: April 2009

Abstract

Financial openness is often associated with higher rates of economic growth. We show that the impact of openness on factor productivity growth is more important than the effect on capital growth. This explains why the growth effects of liberalization appear to be largely permanent, not temporary. We attribute these permanent liberalization effects to the role financial openness plays in stock market and banking sector development, and to changes in the quality of institutions. We find some indirect evidence of higher investment efficiency post-liberalization. We also document threshold effects: countries that are more financially developed or have higher quality of institutions experience larger productivity growth responses. Finally, we show that the growth boost from openness outweighs the detrimental loss in growth from global or regional banking crises.

Suggested Citation

Bekaert, Geert and Harvey, Campbell R. and Lundblad, Christian T., Financial Openness and Productivity (April 2009). NBER Working Paper No. w14843. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1372947

Geert Bekaert (Contact Author)

Columbia Business School - Finance and Economics ( email )

3022 Broadway
New York, NY 10027
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Campbell R. Harvey

Duke University - Fuqua School of Business ( email )

Box 90120
Durham, NC 27708-0120
United States
919-660-7768 (Phone)
919-660-8030 (Fax)

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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Cambridge, MA 02138
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Duke Innovation & Entrepreneurship Initiative ( email )

215 Morris St., Suite 300
Durham, NC 27701
United States

Christian T. Lundblad

University of North Carolina Kenan-Flagler Business School ( email )

Kenan-Flagler Business School
Chapel Hill, NC 27599-3490
United States
919-962-8441 (Phone)

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