Last Mile Vehicle Supply Chain in the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies

31 Pages Posted: 25 Jul 2009 Last revised: 14 May 2014

See all articles by Orla Stapleton

Orla Stapleton

INSEAD

Alfonso Pedraza Martinez

Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Operation & Decision Technologies

Luk N. Van Wassenhove

INSEAD

Date Written: July 23, 2009

Abstract

We study the last mile vehicle supply chain in the International Federation of the Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC). The IFRC is one of the benchmark humanitarian organizations working in disaster response and development programs. We analyze the IFRC “better, faster and cheaper” last mile vehicle supply chain using Lee’s Triple-A framework of agility, adaptability and alignment. We identify the objective functions and main trade-offs for this supply chain. The objective of the last mile vehicle supply chain supporting disaster response is agility. The extra cost to achieve agility in disaster response programs is compensated with the objective of cost effectiveness in the last mile vehicle supply chain supporting development programs. Cost effectiveness is obtained sacrificing speed. We also identify challenges to the IFRC last mile vehicle supply chain. We suggest areas where operations research and management science can reduce costs which translates into increasing IFRC’s investment in social welfare of populations in need.

Keywords: Humanitarian Logistics, Supply Chain Management, Fleet Management, Case Study, Field Research, Disaster Management

Suggested Citation

Stapleton, Orla and Pedraza Martinez, Alfonso and Van Wassenhove, Luk N., Last Mile Vehicle Supply Chain in the International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (July 23, 2009). INSEAD Working Paper No. 2009/40/TOM/INSEAD, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=1437978 or http://dx.doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.1437978

Orla Stapleton (Contact Author)

INSEAD ( email )

Boulevard de Constance
77305 Fontainebleau Cedex
France

Alfonso Pedraza Martinez

Indiana University - Kelley School of Business - Department of Operation & Decision Technologies ( email )

Business 670
1309 E. Tenth Street
Bloomington, IN 47401
United States

Luk N. Van Wassenhove

INSEAD ( email )

Boulevard de Constance
77 305 Fontainebleau Cedex
France
(33) (0)1 60 72 42 66 (Phone)
(33) (0)1 60 72 40 49 (Fax)

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