The End of the Subordinate Worker? Collaborative Economy, On-Demand Economy, Gig Economy, and the Crowdworkers' Need for Protection
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF COMPARATIVE LABOUR LAW AND INDUSTRIAL RELATIONS (IJCLLIR), 33 (2), 2017
33 Pages Posted: 21 Jan 2017
Date Written: January 14, 2017
The Digital era has changed industrial relationships dramatically. This has caused a considerable legal uncertainty about which rules apply to cyberspace. Technology is transforming business organizations in a way that makes the employee - as subordinate work - less necessary. A new type of companies "on demand economy" "sharing economy" - dedicated to connecting customers directly with individual service providers are emerging. Thus, these companies develop their core business completely through workers classified as self-employed workers. In this context, employment law is facing its greatest challenge, dealing with a very different reality compared to the one existing when it was created. However, workers still need protection. This study aims to analyse the reasons behind this conclusion.
Keywords: Gig economy, crowdworker, Outsorcing, sharing economy, employment contract, self-employed, uber economy, on demand economy, independent contractor, peer to peer economy, collaborative economy,
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