A Man's World? The Impact of a Male Dominated Environment on Female Leadership
81 Pages Posted: 24 Jul 2018 Last revised: 3 Apr 2019
Date Written: March 2019
Despite the significant growth in female labor force participation and educational attainment over the past decades, few women reach leadership positions. In this study, we explore whether male dominated environments, in and of themselves, adversely affect women´s willingness to lead a team. We find that women randomly assigned to male majority teams are less willing to become team leaders than women assigned to female majority teams. Our analysis of potential mechanisms reveals that women in male majority teams are less confident in their relative performance, less influential, and more swayed by others in team discussions. They also (accurately) anticipate less support from team members in a leadership election. In contrast, men in minority are the most willing to lead, most confident and influential, and they accurately anticipate the most support.
Keywords: leadership, gender differences, experiment
JEL Classification: C92, J16
Suggested Citation: Suggested Citation