Chief Executive Officers and Voluntary Environmental Performance: Costa Rica's Certification for Sustainable Tourism

Policy Sciences, Vol. 28, pp. 107-127, 2005

Posted: 25 May 2006 Last revised: 18 Dec 2013

See all articles by Jorge E. Rivera

Jorge E. Rivera

George Washington University - School of Business

Peter De Leon

University of Colorado at Denver

Abstract

This study evaluates whether the education, environmental expertise, and nationality of firms' chief executive officers (CEOs) are associated with greater participation and environmental performance in a voluntary environmental program implemented in a developing nation. Specifically, we collected data from the Certification for Sustainable Tourism (CST) program, a voluntary initiative aimed at promoting beyond-compliance environmental performance by hotels operating in Costa Rica. Our findings suggest that CEOs' level of formal education and environmental expertise appear to be significantly associated with higher corporate participation in voluntary programs and also with higher beyond-compliance environmental performance ratings. Contrary to conventional expectations, CEOs from industrialized countries (as opposed to developing countries) do not appear to show a statistically significant association with participation in the CST program and with higher beyond-compliance environmental performance.

Keywords: voluntary programs, CEO, environmental policy, tourism, Costa Rica

JEL Classification: K32, M14, Q28, Q26, N5

Suggested Citation

Rivera, Jorge E. and De Leon, Peter, Chief Executive Officers and Voluntary Environmental Performance: Costa Rica's Certification for Sustainable Tourism. Policy Sciences, Vol. 28, pp. 107-127, 2005, Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=904363

Jorge E. Rivera (Contact Author)

George Washington University - School of Business ( email )

Washington, DC 20052
United States

Peter De Leon

University of Colorado at Denver ( email )

Box 173364
1250 14th Street
Denver, CO 80217
United States

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