Inge Graef

Tilburg Law School

Assistant Professor

Tilburg, 5000 LE

Netherlands

Tilburg University - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT)

P.O.Box 90153

Prof. Cobbenhagenlaan 221

Tilburg, 5037

Netherlands

Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)

Warandelaan 2

Tilburg, 5000 LE

Netherlands

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

29

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Top 3,913

in Total Papers Downloads

10,976

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 14,636

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 14,636

in Total Papers Citations

41

CROSSREF CITATIONS

31

Scholarly Papers (29)

1.

Market Definition and Market Power in Data: The Case of Online Platforms

World Competition: Law and Economics Review, Vol. 38, No. 4 (2015), p. 473-506.
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 09 Sep 2015 Last Revised: 02 Sep 2016
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law School
Downloads 2,033 (8,178)
Citation 15

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EU competition law, market definition, market power, data, online platforms

2.

Big Data and Competition Policy: Market Power, Personalised Pricing and Advertising

Number of pages: 61 Posted: 21 Feb 2017
Telecom ParisTech, University of Namur and Tilburg Law School
Downloads 1,540 (12,790)
Citation 15

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big data, competition policy, data and market power, personalised pricing, target adverstising

3.

Putting the Right to Data Portability into a Competition Law Perspective

Law: The Journal of the Higher School of Economics, Annual Review, 2013, pp. 53-63
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 28 Mar 2014
Tilburg Law School, KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP) and KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)
Downloads 1,041 (23,199)
Citation 2

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Data portability, data protection law, competition law, online services

4.

Data Portability and Data Control: Lessons for an Emerging Concept in EU Law

German Law Journal 2018, vol. 19 no. 6, p. 1359-1398, Tilburg Law School Research Paper No. 2017/22, TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2017-041
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 18 Nov 2017 Last Revised: 06 Dec 2018
Tilburg Law School, London School of Economics - Law Department and Tilburg University - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT)
Downloads 998 (24,710)
Citation 7

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Data portability; data protection; intellectual property; competition; consumer protection; data control

5.

Mandating Portability and Interoperability in Online Social Networks: Regulatory and Competition Law Issues in the European Union

Telecommunications Policy 2015, Vol. 39, No. 6, p. 502-514.
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 22 Jul 2013 Last Revised: 19 Aug 2015
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law School
Downloads 494 (63,547)

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Data portability, interoperability, switching costs, network effects, online social networks, competition law

6.

Rethinking the Essential Facilities Doctrine for the EU Digital Economy

TILEC Discussion Paper No. DP2019-028
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 13 May 2019 Last Revised: 16 Dec 2019
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law School
Downloads 467 (68,259)
Citation 1

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Competition law, access to data, rankings, self-preferencing, disruptive innovation, competition for the market

7.

Blurring Boundaries of Consumer Welfare: How to Create Synergies between Competition, Consumer and Data Protection Law in Digital Markets

Forthcoming by Springer as proceedings of the Max Planck Institute Post-Doc conference on 'Personal Data in Competition, Consumer Protection and IP Law: Towards a Holistic Approach?', held on 21 October 2016 in Munich
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 08 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 05 Jul 2017
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law School
Downloads 432 (74,821)
Citation 1

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Competition law, consumer protection, data protection, data portability, exploitative abuse, merger review, digital economy

8.

Algorithms and Fairness: What Role for Competition Law in Targeting Price Discrimination Towards End Consumers?

Columbia Journal of European Law, Vol. 24, No. 3, 2018
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 20 Dec 2017 Last Revised: 01 Dec 2018
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law School
Downloads 431 (75,214)
Citation 6

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Price Discrimination, Competition, Data Protection, Consumer Protection

9.

Fairness and Enforcement: Bridging Competition, Data Protection and Consumer Law

International Data Privacy Law 2018, vol. 8 no. 3, p. 200-223
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 08 Aug 2018 Last Revised: 08 Dec 2018
Inge Graef, Damian Clifford and Peggy Valcke
Tilburg Law School, Australian National University College of Law and KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)
Downloads 389 (84,513)
Citation 2

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Abuse of dominance, data portability, exploitation, merger review, refusal to deal, unfair conditions

10.

Pre-Formulated Declarations of Data Subject Consent – Citizen-Consumer Empowerment and the Alignment of Data, Consumer and Competition Law Protections

CiTiP Working Paper 33/2017
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 01 Mar 2018
Damian Clifford, Inge Graef and Peggy Valcke
Australian National University College of Law, Tilburg Law School and KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)
Downloads 357 (93,351)
Citation 4

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Consent, personal data, unfair terms, market dominance

11.

Assessing Data Access Issues in Online Platforms

Telecommunications Policy 2015, Vol. 39, No. 5, p. 375-387
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 20 Aug 2015
Tilburg Law School, KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP) and KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)
Downloads 341 (98,391)
Citation 3

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Multi-sided platforms; competition law; access regulation; user data; essential facilities; search engines; online social networks; e-commerce platforms

12.

Tailoring the Essential Facilities Doctrine to the IT Sector: Compulsory Licensing of Intellectual Property Rights after Microsoft

Cambridge Student Law Review, Vol. 7, No. 1, pp. 1-20, 2011
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 23 Aug 2011
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law School
Downloads 290 (117,475)

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Essential facilities doctrine, compulsory licensing, intellectual property rights, competition law, information technology

13.

Towards a Holistic Regulatory Approach for the European Data Economy: Why the Illusive Notion of Non-Personal Data is Counterproductive to Data Innovation

TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2018-029
Number of pages: 18 Posted: 28 Sep 2018
Tilburg Law School, Radboud University, Nijmegen and London School of Economics - Law Department
Downloads 287 (118,716)
Citation 2

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innovation, intellectual property, data protection law, data portability, Digital Single Market

14.

Feedback to the Commission's Proposal on a Framework for the Free Flow of Non-Personal Data

Number of pages: 6 Posted: 30 Jan 2018
Tilburg Law School, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Tilburg University - Tilburg Institute for Law, Technology, and Society (TILT) and London School of Economics - Law Department
Downloads 258 (132,787)
Citation 1

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concept of personal data; identifiability; free flow of data; data economy; data portability

15.

Limits and Enablers of Data Sharing. An Analytical Framework for EU Competition, Data Protection and Consumer Law

TILEC Discussion Paper No. DP 2019-024
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 27 Nov 2019
Tilburg Law School, University of Namur - Research Centre in Information, Law and Society (CRIDS) and University of Namur
Downloads 233 (146,743)
Citation 4

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data portability, data access, innovation, competition, data protection, consumer protection, collusion, privacy

16.

Mandated Data Sharing Is a Necessity in Specific Sectors

Economisch Statistische Berichten, vol. 103 (4763) 5 July 2018, p. 298-301., Tilburg Law School Research Paper
Number of pages: 4 Posted: 07 May 2019
Inge Graef and Jens Prufer
Tilburg Law School and Tilburg University - CentER
Downloads 213 (159,739)

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competition, data-driven markets, data sharing, innovation, data protection

17.

Stretching EU Competition Law Tools for Search Engines and Social Networks

Internet Policy Review 2015, Vol. 4, No. 3.
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 04 Sep 2015
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law School
Downloads 198 (171,189)

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EU competition law, innovation, search engines, social networks

18.

Response to the Public Consultation on ‘Building a European Data Economy’

TILEC Discussion Paper No. 2017-016, Tilburg Law School Research Paper No. 10/2017
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 26 Apr 2017 Last Revised: 13 Jul 2017
Inge Graef and Martin Husovec
Tilburg Law School and London School of Economics - Law Department
Downloads 195 (173,622)
Citation 1

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Data Access, Portability, Competition, Intellectual Property, Database Protection, Data Protection, Consumer Protection

19.

How Can Software Interoperability Be Achieved Under European Competition Law and Related Regimes?

Journal of European Competition Law & Practice 2014, Vol. 5, No. 1, p. 6-19.
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 07 Jan 2014
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law School
Downloads 166 (200,007)

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Interoperability, Abuse of dominance, Intellectual property law, Digital Agenda

20.

Spill-Overs in Data Governance: The Relationship Between the GDPR’s Right to Data Portability and EU Sector-Specific Data Access Regimes

TILEC Discussion Paper No. DP 2019-005
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 10 Apr 2019 Last Revised: 25 Sep 2019
Tilburg Law School, London School of Economics - Law Department and Utrecht University
Downloads 141 (228,886)
Citation 2

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data portability, data access, innovation, energy, automotive, digital content, payment sector, standardisation

21.

To Regulate or Not to Regulate Big Tech

Concurrences N°1-2020
Number of pages: 6 Posted: 23 Mar 2020
Inge Graef and Francisco Costa-Cabral
Tilburg Law School and Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 114 (269,058)

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Competition Law; Digital Platforms; Innovation Competition; As-Efficient Competitor Test

22.

Exploring New Ways to Ensure Interoperability Under the Digital Agenda

Info - The journal of policy, regulation and strategy for telecommunications, information and media 2014, Vol. 16, No. 1, p. 7-16.
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 07 Jan 2014
Inge Graef and Peggy Valcke
Tilburg Law School and KU Leuven - Centre for IT & IP Law (CiTiP)
Downloads 92 (310,856)

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Interoperability, Digital Agenda, Competition law, Electronic communications law

23.

EU Competition Law, Data Protection and Online Platforms: Data as Essential Facility (PhD summary)

EU Competition Law, Data Protection and Online Platforms: Data as Essential Facility, Kluwer Law International 2016
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 17 Jul 2020
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law School
Downloads 57 (405,514)
Citation 1

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Competition; intellectual property; data protection; innovation; market definition; data portability; data sharing

24.

TILEC Contribution to DG Comp's Call on 'Shaping Competition Policy in the Era of Digitization'

Number of pages: 10 Posted: 18 Nov 2018
Tilburg University, TILEC, Tilburg Law School, Tilburg University - CentER and Tilburg Law and Economics Center (TILEC)
Downloads 56 (408,942)

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Consumer exploitation, data-driven markets, price discrimination, standardization, two-sided markets, voter manipulation

25.

Response to the European Commission’s Public Consultation ‘A European Strategy for Data’

Number of pages: 16 Posted: 17 Jul 2020
Tilburg Law School, Tilburg Law School and Tilburg University - LTMS, home of Tilt and Tilec
Downloads 41 (465,836)

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Competition; intellectual property; data protection; portability; data sharing; health data; non-personal data; PSD2; sector-specific data access

26.

Differentiated Treatment in Platform-to-Business Relations: EU Competition Law and Economic Dependence

Yearbook of European Law, vol. 38 no. 1, p. 448-499, 2019, Tilburg Law School Research Paper Forthcoming
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 04 Jun 2020
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law School
Downloads 37 (483,489)

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Competition; Economic Dependence; Online Platforms; Discrimination; Fairness

27.

Business-to-Business Data Sharing: An Economic and Legal Analysis

EU Science Hub, 2020
Number of pages: 56 Posted: 31 Aug 2020
Joint Research Centre, University of Namur, Tilburg Law School, University of Namur - Research Centre in Information, Law and Society (CRIDS) and Joint Research Centre - European Commission
Downloads 36 (492,642)

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digital data, data market failures, data sharing, portability, data and antitrust

28.

Feedback on the European Commission's Evaluation of the Market Definition Notice

Number of pages: 7 Posted: 17 Jul 2020
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law School
Downloads 20 (577,910)

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Potential competition; innovation; digital ecosystems; data markets

29.

Hybrid Differentiation and Competition Beyond Markets

Competition Policy International, Antitrust Chronicle June 2020 (II)
Number of pages: 9 Posted: 17 Aug 2020
Inge Graef
Tilburg Law School
Downloads 19 (584,569)

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Discrimination; abuse of dominance; ecosystems; conglomerates; online platforms; potential competition; innovation; access; tying