Christopher J. Ruhm

University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy

Professor of Public Policy and Economics

235 McCormick Rd.

P.O. Box 400893

Charlottesville, VA 22904-4893

United States

http://batten.virginia.edu/cruhm.html

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

1050 Massachusetts Avenue

Cambridge, MA 02138

United States

IZA Institute of Labor Economics

P.O. Box 7240

Bonn, D-53072

Germany

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

72

DOWNLOADS
Rank 14,666

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Top 14,666

in Total Papers Downloads

5,926

SSRN CITATIONS
Rank 740

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 740

in Total Papers Citations

828

CROSSREF CITATIONS

1,005

Scholarly Papers (72)

1.

Parental Leave and Child Health

NBER Working Paper No. w6554
Number of pages: 52 Posted: 19 Jul 2000 Last Revised: 30 Nov 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 480 (103,355)
Citation 11

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2.
Downloads 465 (107,323)
Citation 67

The Economics of Risky Health Behaviors

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5728
Number of pages: 163 Posted: 31 May 2011
John Cawley and Christopher J. Ruhm
Cornell University - College of Human Ecology, Department of Policy Analysis & Management (PAM) and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 377 (135,622)
Citation 17

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health behaviors, alcohol, tobacco, smoking, drugs, obesity, diet, food, physical activity, public health, public policy, taxation, subsidies, addiction, externalities, advertising, information, behavioral economics, neuroeconomics, human capital, education, prices, sex, income, time preference, peers, bounded rationality, medical costs, employment, wages, crime, hyperbolic discounting

The Economics of Risky Health Behaviors

NBER Working Paper No. w17081
Number of pages: 162 Posted: 31 May 2011 Last Revised: 05 Mar 2023
John Cawley and Christopher J. Ruhm
Cornell University - College of Human Ecology, Department of Policy Analysis & Management (PAM) and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 88 (493,746)
Citation 2

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3.

Long-Term Effects of Early Childhood Care and Education

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6149
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 04 Dec 2011
Christopher J. Ruhm and Jane Waldfogel
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and IZA Institute of Labor Economics
Downloads 292 (179,814)
Citation 13

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parental leave, early childhood care and education

4.
Downloads 267 (196,968)
Citation 34

Maternal Employment and Adolescent Development

IZA Discussion Paper No. 1673
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 21 Jul 2005
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 213 (244,495)
Citation 32

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maternal employment, adolescent development, child obesity, socioeconomic status

Maternal Employment and Adolescent Development

NBER Working Paper No. w10691
Number of pages: 57 Posted: 25 May 2006 Last Revised: 20 Mar 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 54 (648,501)
Citation 4

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5.
Downloads 234 (224,250)
Citation 83

Healthy Living in Hard Times

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 13 Mar 2003
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 148 (337,163)
Citation 55

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Macroeconomic Conditions, Health, Lifestyle Behaviors

Healthy Living in Hard Times

NBER Working Paper No. w9468
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 02 Feb 2003 Last Revised: 16 Nov 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 86 (501,022)
Citation 12

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6.

Parental Leave Policies in Europe and North America

NBER Working Paper No. w5065
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 19 Jul 2000 Last Revised: 05 Nov 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm and Jackqueline L. Teague
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 190 (271,909)

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Deaths Rise in Good Economic Times: Evidence from the OECD

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 30 Jan 2003
Ulf Gerdtham and Christopher J. Ruhm
Lund University - Faculty of Medicine and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 105 (438,186)
Citation 4

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Business Cycles, Mortality, Health

Deaths Rise in Good Economic Times: Evidence from the OECD

NBER Working Paper No. w9357
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 06 Dec 2002 Last Revised: 28 Jul 2022
Ulf Gerdtham and Christopher J. Ruhm
Lund University - Faculty of Medicine and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 47 (691,011)
Citation 5

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Deaths Rise in Good Economic Times: Evidence from the OECD

Economics & Human Biology, Vol. 4, No. 3, pp. 298-319
Posted: 29 Nov 2006
Ulf Gerdtham and Christopher J. Ruhm
Lund University - Faculty of Medicine and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy

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Business cycles, Mortality, Health

8.

Does Prekindergarten Improve School Preparation and Performance?

NBER Working Paper No. w10452
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 11 May 2004 Last Revised: 11 Apr 2022
Katherine A. Magnuson, Christopher J. Ruhm and Jane Waldfogel
Columbia University - School of Social Work, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and IZA Institute of Labor Economics
Downloads 145 (342,176)
Citation 3

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Private Equity and the Innovation Strategies of Entrepreneurial Firms: Empirical Evidence from the Small Business Innovation Research Program

Managerial and Decision Economics, Forthcoming
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 10 Sep 2013
Albert Link, Christopher J. Ruhm and Donald S. Siegel
University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and Arizona State University-School of Public Affairs
Downloads 96 (466,622)

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private equity, innovation, entrepreneurship, SBIR

Private Equity and the Innovation Strategies of Entrepreneurial Firms: Empirical Evidence from the Small Business Innovation Research Program

NBER Working Paper No. w18297
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 18 Aug 2012 Last Revised: 01 Jul 2023
Albert Link, Christopher J. Ruhm and Donald S. Siegel
University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and Arizona State University-School of Public Affairs
Downloads 37 (761,476)

Abstract:

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10.

Alcohol Policies and Highway Vehicle Fatalities

NBER Working Paper No. w5195
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 11 Jul 2000 Last Revised: 12 Sep 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 131 (370,239)

Abstract:

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11.

Parental Employment and Child Cognitive Development

NBER Working Paper No. w7666
Number of pages: 53 Posted: 17 May 2000 Last Revised: 14 Dec 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 127 (378,982)
Citation 15

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12.
Downloads 125 (383,630)

The Cost of Caring for Young Children

IZA Discussion Paper No. 1860
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 05 Dec 2005
Dan T. Rosenbaum and Christopher J. Ruhm
University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 81 (519,955)

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child care, cost burden, socioeconomic status

The Cost of Caring for Young Children

NBER Working Paper No. w11837
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 27 Dec 2005 Last Revised: 06 Nov 2022
Dan T. Rosenbaum and Christopher J. Ruhm
University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 44 (710,867)

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Public Policies and Women's Employment after Childbearing

IZA Discussion Paper No. 3937
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 19 Jan 2009
WenJui Han, Christopher J. Ruhm, Jane Waldfogel and Elizabeth Washbrook
Columbia University - School of Social Work, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy, IZA Institute of Labor Economics and University of Bristol
Downloads 72 (557,748)

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public policies, maternal employment, childbearing

Public Policies and Women's Employment after Childbearing

NBER Working Paper No. w14660
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 25 Jan 2009 Last Revised: 24 Jul 2022
WenJui Han, Christopher J. Ruhm, Jane Waldfogel and Elizabeth Washbrook
Columbia University - School of Social Work, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy, IZA Institute of Labor Economics and University of Bristol
Downloads 44 (710,867)

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14.

Compensation in the Nonprofit Sector

NBER Working Paper No. w7562
Number of pages: 45 Posted: 05 May 2000 Last Revised: 01 Sep 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm and Carey Borkoski
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics
Downloads 113 (413,132)
Citation 6

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Parental Leave Policies and Parents' Employment and Leave-Taking

IZA Working Paper No. 3244
Number of pages: 49 Posted: 23 May 2008
WenJui Han, Christopher J. Ruhm and Jane Waldfogel
Columbia University - School of Social Work, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and IZA Institute of Labor Economics
Downloads 73 (553,342)
Citation 22

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parental leave policies, parental employment, leave-taking

Parental Leave Policies and Parents' Employment and Leave-Taking

NBER Working Paper No. w13697
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 31 Dec 2007 Last Revised: 05 Dec 2022
WenJui Han, Christopher J. Ruhm and Jane Waldfogel
Columbia University - School of Social Work, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and IZA Institute of Labor Economics
Downloads 37 (761,476)
Citation 1

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16.

Are Recessions Good for Your Health?

NBER Working Paper No. w5570
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 10 Aug 1999 Last Revised: 22 Sep 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 104 (438,551)
Citation 95

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17.

Macroeconomic Conditions and Opioid Abuse

NBER Working Paper No. w23192
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 27 Feb 2017 Last Revised: 15 May 2023
Alex Hollingsworth, Christopher J. Ruhm and Kosali Ilayperuma Simon
Indiana University Bloomington - School of Public & Environmental Affairs (SPEA), University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and Indiana University
Downloads 91 (479,304)
Citation 29

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18.

Deaths of Despair or Drug Problems?

NBER Working Paper No. w24188
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 09 Jan 2018 Last Revised: 03 Feb 2023
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 90 (482,514)
Citation 1

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19.

How Well Do Parents with Young Children Combine Work and Family Life

NBER Working Paper No. w10247
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 31 Jan 2004 Last Revised: 03 Jul 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 90 (482,514)

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Time for Children: Trends in the Employment Patterns of Parents, 1967-2009

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5761
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 20 Jun 2011
Liana Fox, WenJui Han, Christopher J. Ruhm and Jane Waldfogel
Stockholm University - Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Columbia University - School of Social Work, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and IZA Institute of Labor Economics
Downloads 54 (648,501)
Citation 1

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parental employment, child care time, work family balance, coordinated work schedules

Time for Children: Trends in the Employment Patterns of Parents, 1967-2009

NBER Working Paper No. w17135
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 20 Jun 2011 Last Revised: 28 Apr 2023
Liana Fox, WenJui Han, Christopher J. Ruhm and Jane Waldfogel
Stockholm University - Swedish Institute for Social Research (SOFI), Columbia University - School of Social Work, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and IZA Institute of Labor Economics
Downloads 33 (792,915)
Citation 2

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Explaining the Rise in Educational Gradients in Mortality

NBER Working Paper No. w15678
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 25 Jan 2010
Harvard University - Department of Economics, Yale University - Department of Economics, Harvard Medical School, Lehigh University - Department of Economics and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 46 (697,454)

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Explaining the Rise in Educational Gradients in Mortality

NBER Working Paper Series, No. 15678
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 21 Nov 2016
Harvard University - Department of Economics, McGill University, Harvard Medical School, Lehigh University - Department of Economics and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 41 (731,821)

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22.

Does Drinking Really Decrease in Bad Times?

NBER Working Paper No. w8511
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 29 Sep 2001 Last Revised: 05 Oct 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm and William E. Black
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.
Downloads 87 (492,691)
Citation 23

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23.

Displaced Workers in the United States and the Netherlands

Tinbergen Institute DP 98-084/3
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 03 Jun 1999
Tilburg University - Department of Econometrics & Operations Research, University of Groningen, Free University of Amsterdam, Center Applied Research, Tilburg University, Tilburg University - Department of Economics and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 85 (499,864)
Citation 1

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24.

Current and Future Prevalence of Obesity and Severe Obesity in the United States

NBER Working Paper No. w13181
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 27 Jun 2007 Last Revised: 09 Jul 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 84 (503,474)
Citation 2

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25.

Macroeconomic Conditions, Health and Mortality

NBER Working Paper No. w11007
Number of pages: 19 Posted: 28 Dec 2004 Last Revised: 31 Jul 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 83 (507,025)
Citation 1

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26.
Downloads 80 (518,282)
Citation 7

Cognitive Performance and Labor Market Outcomes

NBER Working Paper No. w22470
Number of pages: 66 Posted: 01 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 26 May 2023
Dajun Lin, Christopher J. Ruhm and Randall Lutter
University of Virginia - Department of Economics, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 44 (710,867)
Citation 6

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Cognitive Performance and Labor Market Outcomes

IZA Discussion Paper No. 10075
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 08 Aug 2016
Dajun Lin, Randall Lutter and Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Department of Economics, American Enterprise Institute (AEI) and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 36 (769,180)

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cognitive performance, cognitive skill, labor market outcomes, labor income, earnings, work hours

27.

The Economic Consequences of Parental Leave Mandates: Lessons from Europe

NBER Working Paper No. w5688
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 13 Nov 1996 Last Revised: 18 Jul 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 79 (522,120)
Citation 45

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28.
Downloads 74 (542,266)
Citation 9

Occupational Status and Health Transitions

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5482
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 21 Feb 2011
David Ribar, Christopher J. Ruhm and Brant Morefield
George Washington University - Department of Economics, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and Abt Associates, Inc.
Downloads 48 (684,516)
Citation 1

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occupations, physical demands, health

Occupational Status and Health Transitions

NBER Working Paper No. w16794
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 28 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 22 May 2023
Brant Morefield, David Ribar and Christopher J. Ruhm
Abt Associates, Inc., George Washington University - Department of Economics and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 26 (852,989)

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Can Policy Facilitate Partial Retirement? Evidence from Germany

NBER Working Paper No. w21478
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 25 Aug 2015 Last Revised: 10 Mar 2023
Peter Berg, Mary K. Hamman, Matthew Piszczek and Christopher J. Ruhm
Michigan State University - School of Human Resources and Labor Relations, University of Wisconsin - La Crosse, University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh - College of Business and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 39 (746,313)

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Can Policy Facilitate Partial Retirement? Evidence from Germany

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9266
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 04 Sep 2015
Peter Berg, Mary K. Hamman, Matthew Piszczek and Christopher J. Ruhm
Michigan State University - School of Human Resources and Labor Relations, University of Wisconsin - La Crosse, University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh - College of Business and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 32 (801,021)

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partial retirement, Germany

30.

Age, Socioeconomic Status and Obesity Growth

NBER Working Paper No. w13289
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 09 Aug 2007 Last Revised: 26 Oct 2022
Charles L. Baum and Christopher J. Ruhm
Middle Tennessee State University - Department of Economics and Finance and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 65 (581,335)
Citation 2

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31.

Can Changing Economic Factors Explain the Rise in Obesity

Andrew Young School of Policy Studies Research Paper Series No. 15-02
Number of pages: 63 Posted: 21 Feb 2015
Georgia State University - Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, University of Louisville, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and University of Iowa
Downloads 64 (585,854)

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BMI, obesity, restaurant, supercenter, food price, economic factors

32.

Living and Dying in America: An Essay on Deaths of Despair and the Future of Capitalism

NBER Working Paper No. w28358
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 27 Jan 2021 Last Revised: 26 Jun 2023
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 60 (604,915)

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The Effects of Paid Family Leave in California on Labor Market Outcomes

NBER Working Paper No. w19741
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 20 Dec 2013 Last Revised: 11 Jun 2023
Charles L. Baum and Christopher J. Ruhm
Middle Tennessee State University - Department of Economics and Finance and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 60 (615,212)
Citation 8

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The Effects of Paid Family Leave in California on Labor Market Outcomes

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8390
Posted: 06 Sep 2014
Charles L. Baum and Christopher J. Ruhm
Middle Tennessee State University - Department of Economics and Finance and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy

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parental leave, paid leave, family leave, employment, wages, leave-taking, return-to-work decisions

Creativity and the Family Tree: Human Capital Endowments and the Propensity of Entrepreneurs to Patent

IZA Discussion Paper No. 5988
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 25 Sep 2011
Albert Link and Christopher J. Ruhm
University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 36 (769,180)

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patents, entrepreneurship, human capital endowments

Creativity and the Family Tree: Human Capital Endowments and the Propensity of Entrepreneurs to Patent

NBER Working Paper No. w17441
Number of pages: 11 Posted: 23 Sep 2011 Last Revised: 27 Feb 2022
Albert Link and Christopher J. Ruhm
University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 24 (871,554)

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35.
Downloads 59 (610,014)
Citation 2

The Changing Benefits of Early Work Experience

IZA Discussion Paper No. 8431
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 27 Sep 2014
Charles L. Baum and Christopher J. Ruhm
Middle Tennessee State University - Department of Economics and Finance and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 30 (817,860)

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youth employment, work experience, wages

The Changing Benefits of Early Work Experience

NBER Working Paper No. w20413
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 25 Aug 2014 Last Revised: 12 Apr 2023
Charles L. Baum and Christopher J. Ruhm
Middle Tennessee State University - Department of Economics and Finance and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 29 (826,442)
Citation 1

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36.

Shackling the Identification Police?

NBER Working Paper No. w25320
Number of pages: 16 Posted: 03 Dec 2018 Last Revised: 09 Mar 2023
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 58 (615,209)
Citation 6

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37.

The Effects of California's Paid Family Leave Program on Mothers' Leave-Taking and Subsequent Labor Market Outcomes

IZA Discussion Paper No. 6240
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 31 Dec 2011
Maya Rossin-Slater, Christopher J. Ruhm and Jane Waldfogel
Columbia University, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and IZA Institute of Labor Economics
Downloads 58 (615,209)

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parental leave, maternity leave, leave-taking, paid leave, maternal employment

38.

Is High School Employment Consumption or Investment?

NBER Working Paper No. w5030
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 26 Jul 2000 Last Revised: 01 Oct 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 55 (630,730)
Citation 6

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39.

Economic Studies on the Opioid Crisis: A Review

NBER Working Paper No. w28067
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 16 Nov 2020 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2023
Temple University, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Office of the Chief Economist, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and Indiana University
Downloads 52 (647,213)
Citation 1

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40.

Can Changing Economic Factors Explain the Rise in Obesity?

NBER Working Paper No. w20892
Number of pages: 62 Posted: 27 Jan 2015 Last Revised: 01 Feb 2023
Georgia State University - Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, University of Louisville, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and University of Iowa
Downloads 52 (647,213)
Citation 2

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41.

Understanding Overeating and Obesity

NBER Working Paper No. w16149
Number of pages: 54 Posted: 07 Jul 2010 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2023
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 50 (658,271)
Citation 2

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42.

Inheritances, Health and Death

NBER Working Paper No. w15364
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 21 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 26 Jun 2022
Beomsoo Kim and Christopher J. Ruhm
Korea University and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 50 (658,271)
Citation 4

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43.

Recessions, Healthy No More?

NBER Working Paper No. w19287
Number of pages: 70 Posted: 10 Aug 2013 Last Revised: 15 Mar 2023
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 47 (675,953)
Citation 17

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44.

Economic Conditions and Alcohol Problems

NBER Working Paper No. w4914
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 06 Aug 2000 Last Revised: 07 Dec 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 47 (675,953)
Citation 2

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45.

Where Does the Wage Penalty Bite?

NBER Working Paper No. w14984
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 26 May 2009 Last Revised: 12 Jun 2022
Christian Gregory and Christopher J. Ruhm
University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 46 (681,983)
Citation 2

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46.

Economic Expansions are Unhealthy: Evidence from Microdata

NBER Working Paper No. w8447
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 26 Aug 2001 Last Revised: 01 Aug 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 45 (688,292)
Citation 3

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The Relationship between Establishment Training and the Retention of Older Workers: Evidence from Germany

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9508
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 29 Nov 2015
Peter Berg, Mary K. Hamman, Matthew Piszczek and Christopher J. Ruhm
Michigan State University - School of Human Resources and Labor Relations, University of Wisconsin - La Crosse, University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh - College of Business and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 30 (817,860)
Citation 1

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workforce training, retirement, establishment training

The Relationship between Establishment Training and the Retention of Older Workers: Evidence from Germany

NBER Working Paper No. w21746
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 23 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 03 Jun 2023
Peter Berg, Mary K. Hamman, Matthew Piszczek and Christopher J. Ruhm
Michigan State University - School of Human Resources and Labor Relations, University of Wisconsin - La Crosse, University of Wisconsin - Oshkosh - College of Business and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 13 (984,122)

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48.

What U.S. Data Should Be Used to Measure the Price Elasticity of Demand for Alcohol?

NBER Working Paper No. w17578
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 04 Nov 2011 Last Revised: 14 Jul 2023
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy, Drexel University, Public Health Institute - Alcohol Research Group, Alcohol Research Group, Public Health Institute, University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro, Drexel University and Ball State University - Department of Economics
Downloads 43 (700,844)
Citation 4

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49.

Public Knowledge, Private Knowledge: The Intellectual Capital of Entrepreneurs

NBER Working Paper No. w14797
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 23 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 08 Dec 2022
Albert Link and Christopher J. Ruhm
University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 43 (700,844)
Citation 1

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50.

Bringing Science to Market: Commercializing from NIH Sbir Awards

NBER Working Paper No. w14057
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 09 Jun 2008 Last Revised: 30 Nov 2022
Albert Link and Christopher J. Ruhm
University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 43 (700,844)
Citation 1

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51.

Excess Deaths in the United States During the First Year of Covid-19

NBER Working Paper No. w29503
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 23 Nov 2021 Last Revised: 11 Feb 2023
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 41 (714,118)
Citation 1

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52.

Taking the Measure of a Fatal Drug Epidemic

NBER Working Paper No. w22504
Number of pages: 65 Posted: 16 Aug 2016 Last Revised: 29 Jun 2023
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 41 (714,118)
Citation 11

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53.

A Healthy Economy Can Break Your Heart

NBER Working Paper No. w12102
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 14 May 2006 Last Revised: 28 Jul 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 41 (714,118)
Citation 3

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54.

Trade Sensitivity, Technology, and Labor Displacement

NBER Working Paper No. w5621
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 03 May 1998 Last Revised: 12 Nov 2022
John T. Addison, Douglas A. Fox and Christopher J. Ruhm
University of South Carolina - Moore School of Business - Department of Economics, ERS Group and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 41 (714,118)
Citation 1

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55.

California's Paid Family Leave Law and the Employment of 45-64 Year Old Adults

IZA Discussion Paper No. 14380
Number of pages: 51 Posted: 02 Jun 2021
Soohyun Kim, Ann P. Bartel, Christopher J. Ruhm and Jane Waldfogel
Columbia University, Columbia University - Columbia Business School, Finance, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and IZA Institute of Labor Economics
Downloads 39 (727,673)
Citation 1

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56.

Do Pensions Increase the Labor Supply of Older Men?

NBER Working Paper No. w4925
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 06 Aug 2000 Last Revised: 18 Dec 2022
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 38 (734,777)

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57.

Support for Paid Family Leave Among Small Employers Increases During the Covid-19 Pandemic

NBER Working Paper No. w29486
Number of pages: 15 Posted: 15 Nov 2021 Last Revised: 25 Jan 2023
Columbia University - Columbia Business School, Finance, Stanford University, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy, Columbia University and IZA Institute of Labor Economics
Downloads 35 (756,252)

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58.

Paid Family Leave, Fathers' Leave-Taking, and Leave-Sharing in Dual-Earner Households

IZA Discussion Paper No. 9530
Number of pages: 43 Posted: 29 Nov 2015
Columbia University - Columbia Business School, Finance, Columbia University, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy, University of California, Davis and IZA Institute of Labor Economics
Downloads 35 (756,252)
Citation 3

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parental leave, father's leave-taking, leave-sharing

59.

The Effects of California's Paid Family Leave Program on Mothers' Leave-Taking and Subsequent Labor Market Outcomes

NBER Working Paper No. w17715
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 31 Dec 2011 Last Revised: 29 May 2022
Maya Rossin-Slater, Christopher J. Ruhm and Jane Waldfogel
Columbia University, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and IZA Institute of Labor Economics
Downloads 34 (763,662)
Citation 36

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60.

Time Preferences and Consumer Behavior

NBER Working Paper No. w20320
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 24 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 10 Jul 2023
University of Georgia - Department of Public Administration and Policy, Georgia State University - Andrew Young School of Policy Studies, University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics, Federal Trade Commission - Bureau of Economics and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 30 (794,713)
Citation 19

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61.

Paid Family Leave, Fathers’ Leave-Taking, and Leave-Sharing in Dual-Earner Households

NBER Working Paper No. w21747
Number of pages: 42 Posted: 23 Nov 2015 Last Revised: 04 Jun 2023
Columbia University - Columbia Business School, Finance, University of California, Santa Barbara (UCSB) - Department of Economics, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy, University of California, Davis and IZA Institute of Labor Economics
Downloads 29 (802,744)
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The Impact of Paid Family Leave on Employers: Evidence from New York

IZA Discussion Paper No. 14262
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 10 Apr 2021
Columbia University - Columbia Business School, Finance, Stanford University, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy, Columbia University and IZA Institute of Labor Economics
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The Impact of Paid Family Leave on Employers: Evidence from New York

NBER Working Paper No. w28672
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 12 Apr 2021 Last Revised: 06 May 2023
Columbia University - Columbia Business School, Finance, Stanford University, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy, Columbia University and IZA Institute of Labor Economics
Downloads 14 (973,382)
Citation 1

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63.

Health Effects of Economic Crises

NBER Working Paper No. w21604
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 06 Oct 2015 Last Revised: 14 Jul 2023
Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 28 (810,866)
Citation 6

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64.

Air Pollution and Procyclical Mortality

NBER Working Paper No. w18959
Number of pages: 55 Posted: 13 Apr 2013 Last Revised: 22 Apr 2023
Garth Heutel and Christopher J. Ruhm
University of North Carolina (UNC) at Greensboro - Department of Economics and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 26 (827,650)
Citation 3

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65.

Does Paid Sick Leave Facilitate Reproductive Choice?

NBER Working Paper No. w31801
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 24 Oct 2023
Catherin Maclean, Ioana Popovici and Christopher J. Ruhm
George Mason University, Nova Southeastern University and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
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66.

Paid Family Leave and Breastfeeding: Evidence from California

NBER Working Paper No. w25784
Number of pages: 47 Posted: 02 May 2019 Last Revised: 15 Jun 2023
Jessica Pac, Ann P. Bartel, Christopher J. Ruhm and Jane Waldfogel
Columbia University, Columbia University - Columbia Business School, Finance, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and IZA Institute of Labor Economics
Downloads 13 (950,057)
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67.

The Effect of the Economic Collapse in Iceland on the Probability of Cardiovascular Events

NBER Working Paper No. w25301
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 03 Dec 2018 Last Revised: 18 Feb 2023
University of Iceland, University of Iceland, University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy, University of Iceland - School of Health Sciences and University of Iceland
Downloads 10 (979,036)

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68.

Education Gradients in Mortality Trends by Gender and Race

NBER Working Paper No. w28419
Number of pages: 44 Posted: 01 Feb 2021 Last Revised: 25 Feb 2023
Adam Leive and Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 8 (996,716)
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69.

The Opioid Crisis, Health, Healthcare, and Crime: A Review of Quasi-Experimental Economic Studies

NBER Working Paper No. w29983
Number of pages: 48 Posted: 02 May 2022 Last Revised: 15 May 2023
Temple University, Government of the United States of America - Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA), University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy and Indiana University
Downloads 7 (1,005,161)
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70.

Marijuana Legalization and Opioid Deaths

NBER Working Paper No. w29802
Number of pages: 67 Posted: 28 Feb 2022 Last Revised: 07 Jun 2023
Neil Mathur and Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 6 (1,013,192)
Citation 1
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71.

Has Mortality Risen Disproportionately for the Least Educated?

NBER Working Paper No. w27512
Number of pages: 59 Posted: 14 Jul 2020 Last Revised: 05 Mar 2023
Adam Leive and Christopher J. Ruhm
University of Virginia and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy
Downloads 6 (1,013,192)
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72.

Rising Educational Gradients in Mortality: The Role of Behavioral Risk Factors

Journal of Health Economics, Vol. 30, No. 6, 2011
Posted: 15 Mar 2015
Lehigh University - Department of Economics, Harvard University - Department of Economics, Yale University - Department of Economics, Harvard Medical School and University of Virginia - Frank Batten School of Leadership and Public Policy

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Health inequality; Risk factors; Education and mortality; Smoking; Obesity