Managers' Implicit Assumptions About Personnel
Current Directions in Psychological Science, Vol. 17, pp. 219-223, 2008
5 Pages Posted: 25 Jun 2008
Date Written: June 20, 2008
Effective managers recognize both positive and negative changes in employee performance and take appropriate remedial action when required. Managers' assumptions about the rigidity or malleability of personal attributes (e.g., ability and personality) affect their performance of these critical personnel management tasks. To the extent that managers assume that personal attributes are fixed traits that are largely stable over time, they tend to inadequately recognize actual changes in employee performance and are disinclined to coach employees regarding how to improve their performance. However, a growth-mindset intervention can lead managers to relinquish their fixed mindset and subsequently provide more accurate performance appraisals and helpful employee coaching. Implications for performance evaluation procedures and avenues for future research are outlined.
Keywords: Implicit theories, assumptions, mindset, performance appraisal, coaching, employee development
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