How Geographic and Social Distance Affect Perceptions of Teams and Their Members
33 Pages Posted: 4 Aug 2017
Date Written: August 3, 2017
Building on construal level theory, this paper explores the effects of two different forms of distance on perceptions of distributed group members. In an experimental study, we find that perceptions of geographically and socially distant collaborators are more homogenous both within and across members. That is, individuals perceive less differentiation between the personality characteristics of each distant collaborator and less differentiation across a set of distant collaborators as well. In addition, geographic and social distance caused participants to view the team itself in more abstract terms. Beyond providing some of the first empirical support for extending construal level theory to distributed groups, this research examines the interactive effects of geographic and social distance. The results also have important practical implications for managing performance and managing impressions at a distance.
Keywords: Distributed Groups, Virtual Teams, Construal Level Theory
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