Alarmingly High Anemia Prevalence in Western China

Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 42(5): 1204-1213

Posted: 9 Apr 2013

See all articles by Renfu Luo

Renfu Luo

Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy (CCAP)

Xiaobing Wang

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Chengfang Liu

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)

Linxiu Zhang

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy

Yaojiang Shi

Shaanxi Normal University

Grant Miller

Stanford University - School of Medicine; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

Scott Rozelle

Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies

Elaine Yu

Independent

Reynaldo Martorell

Emory University

Date Written: January 1, 2011

Abstract

Despite rapid growth in China, it is unclear whether the poor have benefited in terms of nutrition. This paper’s goal is to understand the prevalence of anemia among school children in western China.We report on results from seven cross-sectional surveys involving 12,768 age 8-12 students. Sample students were selected randomly from 283 primary schools in 41 poor counties of Ningxia, Qinghai, Shaanxi and Sichuan provinces. Data were collected through questionnaires and hemoglobin tests. The dataset represents 7 million age 8-12 children in poor western counties. The anemia prevalence was 34% using the WHO’s hemoglobin cutoff of < 120g/L. Students who boarded at school and girls were more likely to be anemic. Assuming the sample population is representative of poorregions in western China, nearly2.5 million 8-12 year old school children in the region may be anemic and many more iron deficient. Given China’s growth, such high prevalence of anemia is surprising and illustrative of the large health disparities in the country. Iron deficiency remains a significant nutrition issue, though there appears to be no effort to address this issue.

Keywords: anemia, primary school students, rural China

Suggested Citation

Luo, Renfu and Wang, Xiaobing and Liu, Chengfang and Zhang, Linxiu and Shi, Yaojiang and Miller, Grant and Rozelle, Scott and Yu, Elaine and Martorell, Reynaldo, Alarmingly High Anemia Prevalence in Western China (January 1, 2011). Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 42(5): 1204-1213. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=2247047

Renfu Luo (Contact Author)

Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS) - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy (CCAP) ( email )

Building 917, Datun Road
Beijing 100101
China

Xiaobing Wang

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ( email )

52 Sanlihe Rd.
Datun Road, Anwai
Beijing, Xicheng District 100864
China

Chengfang Liu

Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ( email )

52 Sanlihe Rd.
Datun Road, Anwai
Beijing, Xicheng District 100864
China

Linxiu Zhang

Chinese Academy of Sciences - Center for Chinese Agricultural Policy ( email )

Anwai, Beijing, 100101
China

Yaojiang Shi

Shaanxi Normal University ( email )

Chang'an Chang'an District
199 South Road
Xi'an, Shaanxi Province 710062
China

Grant Miller

Stanford University - School of Medicine ( email )

291 Campus Drive
Li Ka Shing Building
Stanford, CA 94305-5101
United States

National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER) ( email )

1050 Massachusetts Avenue
Cambridge, MA 02138
United States

Scott Rozelle

Stanford University - Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies ( email )

Stanford, CA 94305
United States

Elaine Yu

Independent ( email )

No Address Available

Reynaldo Martorell

Emory University ( email )

201 Dowman Drive
Atlanta, GA 30322
United States

Register to save articles to
your library

Register

Paper statistics

Abstract Views
349
PlumX Metrics