New Evidence on Classroom Computers and Pupil Learning

46 Pages Posted: 14 Sep 2001

See all articles by Joshua D. Angrist

Joshua D. Angrist

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics; National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); IZA Institute of Labor Economics

Victor Lavy

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics; Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR); National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER); University of Warwick - Department of Economics

Multiple version iconThere are 3 versions of this paper

Date Written: September 2001

Abstract

The question of how technology affects learning has been at the center of recent debates over educational inputs. In 1994, the Israeli State Lottery sponsored the installation of computers in many elementary and middle schools. This program provides an opportunity to estimate the impact of computerization on both the instructional use of computers and pupil achievement. Results from a survey of Israeli school-teachers show that the influx of new computers increased teachers' use of computer-aided instruction (CAI) in the 4th grade, with a smaller effect on CAI in 8th grade. Although many of the estimates are imprecise, on balance, CAI does not appear to have had educational benefits that translated into higher test scores. OLS estimates show no evidence of a relationship between CAI and test scores, except for a negative effect on 8th grade Math scores in models with town effects. IV estimates for 4th graders show lower Math scores in the group that was awarded computers, with smaller (insignificant) negative effects on language scores.

Keywords: Education, Schools, Computer-Aided Instruction, Program Evaluation

JEL Classification: H41, I28, J24

Suggested Citation

Angrist, Joshua and Lavy, Victor, New Evidence on Classroom Computers and Pupil Learning (September 2001). IZA Discussion Paper No. 362. Available at SSRN: https://ssrn.com/abstract=283456

Joshua Angrist (Contact Author)

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Department of Economics ( email )

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Victor Lavy

Hebrew University of Jerusalem - Department of Economics ( email )

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Centre for Economic Policy Research (CEPR)

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National Bureau of Economic Research (NBER)

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University of Warwick - Department of Economics ( email )

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