Andrew W. Torrance

University of Kansas - School of Law

Green Hall

1535 W. 15th Street

Lawrence, KS 66045-7577

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

29

DOWNLOADS
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SSRN RANKINGS

Top 3,112

in Total Papers Downloads

9,407

CITATIONS
Rank 36,181

SSRN RANKINGS

Top 36,181

in Total Papers Citations

5

Scholarly Papers (29)

1.

Patents and the Regress of Useful Arts

Columbia Science and Technology Law Review, Vol. 10, 2009
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 30 May 2009
Andrew W. Torrance and Bill Tomlinson
University of Kansas - School of Law and University of California, Irvine
Downloads 1,640 (6,673)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Patent, patent law, patent system, patent clause, intellectual property, innovation, open innovation, commons, technological innovation, invention, game, simulation, empirical, productivity, social utility, license, infringement, enforcement, economic experiment

2.

Intellectual Property as the Third Dimension of GMO Regulation

Kansas Journal of Law & Pubic Policy, Vol. 16, No. 3, pp. 257-285, 2007
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 29 Sep 2008
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 609 (26,986)

Abstract:

patents, genetic engineering, GMO, environment, health

3.

Synthesizing Law for Synthetic Biology

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology, Vol. 11, No. 2, pp. 629-65, 2010
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 25 Jun 2010
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 534 (33,474)

Abstract:

synthetic biology, biological engineering, gene, DNA, patent, copyright, intellectual property, trademark, gene patent, gene copyright, gene trademark, biotechnology, genetic engineering, bioethics, biosafety, biosecurity, open source biology, biobrick, user innovation, open innovation

4.

Physiological Steps Doctrine

Berkeley Technology Law Journal, Vol. 23, pp. 1471-1505, 2008
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 15 Mar 2009
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 444 (47,652)

Abstract:

Patent, pharmaceutical, drug, biotechnology, in vivo conversion, prodrug, statutory subject matter, patentability, patentable subject matter, mental steps doctrine, physiological steps doctrine, abbreviated new drug application, ANDA, generic drug, inherency, evidence

5.

Patenting Human Evolution

Kansas Law Review, Vol. 56, p. 1075, 2008
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 13 Nov 2008
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 423 (51,635)

Abstract:

patent, gene, genetic, genetic engineering, genetic modification, evolution, human evolution, genetic enhancement, human genetic enhancement, human evolution

6.

Gene Concepts, Gene Talk, and Gene Patents

Minnesota Journal of Law, Science & Technology, Vol. 11, No. 1, pp. 157-191, 2010
Number of pages: 35 Posted: 14 May 2010
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 419 (49,650)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Gene, Patent, Gene Patent, Patent Law, Gene Talk, DNA, DNA Patent, Biotechnology, Biotechnology Patent, Biotechnology Patent Law, History of Science, Science And Technology Studies

7.

An Extinction Bar to Patentability

Georgetown International Environmental Law Review (GIELR), Vol. 20, pp. 237-270, 2008
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 29 Sep 2008
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 406 (50,655)
Citation 1

Abstract:

patents, biodiversity, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals, medicine, bioprospecting, biological deposits, enablement, extinction, conservation

8.

Metaphysics and Patenting Life

University of Missouri-Kansas City Law Review, Vol. 76, p. 363, 2007
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 12 Oct 2008
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 369 (59,553)

Abstract:

patent, patentable subject matter, evolution, religion

9.

Property Rules, Liability Rules, and Patents: One Experimental View of the Cathedral

Yale Journal of Law & Technology, Vo. 14, p. 138, 2011
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 29 Jan 2012
Andrew W. Torrance and Bill Tomlinson
University of Kansas - School of Law and University of California, Irvine
Downloads 361 (51,796)

Abstract:

patent, patent law, patent infringement, patent enforcement, liability rule, property rule, injunction, damages, Calabresi, Melamed, experiment, simulation game, innovation, invention, productivity, wealth, social utility

10.

Patents to the Rescue - Disasters and Patent Law

DePaul Journal of Health Care Law, Vol. 10, p. 309, 2007
Number of pages: 50 Posted: 26 Sep 2008 Last Revised: 28 Sep 2008
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 347 (65,351)
Citation 1

Abstract:

patents, disasters, innovation

11.

Intellectual Property and Public Health – A White Paper

Akron Intellectual Property Journal, Vol. 7, 2013, U of Akron Legal Studies Research Paper No. 13-11, Northeastern University School of Law Research Paper No. 152-2013, Seton Hall Public Law Research Paper No. 2259089, Georgia State University College of Law, Legal Studies Research Paper No. 2014-22
Number of pages: 23 Posted: 02 May 2013 Last Revised: 19 Jun 2014
University of Akron School of Law, Michigan State University - College of Law, University of Akron - School of Law, Regent University School of Law, University of Louisville - Louis D. Brandeis School of Law, Georgia State University College of Law, University of Maryland Francis King Carey School of Law, University of Akron - School of Law, University of Akron - School of Law, New York University School of Law, Northeastern University - School of Law, University of Kansas - School of Law and University of Akron, School of Law
Downloads 340 (56,226)

Abstract:

public health, intellectual property, TRIPS, patent, healthcare, health, big data, innovation, health care, pharmaceuticals, alternatives, Hatch-Waxman, prizes, collectively governed systems, clinical trials, black box, transparency, Obamacare, privacy, human rights

12.

DNA Copyright

Valparaiso University Law Review, Vol. 46, pp. 1-41, 2011
Number of pages: 41 Posted: 11 Mar 2012
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 283 (64,515)

Abstract:

copyright, DNA, gene, nucleotide, synthetic biology, synthetic DNA, synthetic gene, recombinant DNA, intellectual property, IP, patent, biotechnology, author, authorship, expression, expressive, functionality, functional, useful, fair use, software, literary, literary work

13.

Patent Law, HIPPO, and the Biodiversity Crisis

John Marshall Review of Intellectual Property Law, Vol. 9, pp. 624-656, 2010
Number of pages: 34 Posted: 07 Apr 2010 Last Revised: 01 Jun 2014
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 282 (73,018)

Abstract:

patent, intellectual property, environment, biodiversity, conservation, technology, invention, habitat, invasive species, pollution, population, hunting, extinction

14.

Beauty Fades: An Experimental Study of Federal Court Design Patent Aesthetics

Journal of Intellectual Property Law, Vol. 19, No. 2, 2012
Number of pages: 20 Posted: 05 Oct 2012
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 257 (88,810)

Abstract:

Design patent, design, patent, patent litigation, aesthetics, beauty, ornamental, intellectual property, design protection, validity, invalidity, infringement, experiment, experimental law, empirical, judge, Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit

15.

Book Review: Human Rights and the WTO: The Case of Patents and Access to Medicines, by Holger Hestermeyer

The IP Book Law Review, Vol. 1, No. 1, pp. 46-49, June 2010
Number of pages: 5 Posted: 12 Jul 2010
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 238 (89,875)

Abstract:

patent, patent law, patent rights, drug, medicine, pharmaceutical, human rights, access to medicine, international trade, World Trade Organization, WTO, Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property, TRIPS, less developed country, developing country

16.

Open and Proprietary Biological Innovation in Human Genetic Enhancement

Washington University Journal of Law and Policy, Vol. 30, pp. 93-138, 2009
Number of pages: 46 Posted: 06 Feb 2010
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 232 (98,896)

Abstract:

Patent, Open Source, Biology, Biotechnology, Enhancement, Gene, Innovation, Patent Law, Gene Patent, Human Enhancement, Genetic Enhancement, Genetic Engineering, Open Source Biology, Human Evolution

17.

Planted Obsolescence: Synagriculture and the Law

Idaho Law Review, Vol. 48, p. 321, 2012
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 28 Jun 2012
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 218 (105,090)

Abstract:

synagriculture, synthetic biological agriculture, agriculture, genetically-modified crop, genetically-modified livestock, GM agriculture, GM crop, GM livestock, genetic engineering, genetically engineered crop, genetically engineered livestock, GE agriculture, GE crop, GE livestock, agricultural law

18.
Downloads 205 (117,277)

Neurobiology and Patenting Thought

IDEA: The Journal of Law and Technology, Vol. 50, pp. 27-48, 2009
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 05 Feb 2010
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 205 (116,936)

Abstract:

Thought, patent, neurobiology, thought patent, mental steps doctrine, executive control, First Amendment, Thirteenth Amendment, patent law, patentability, patentable subject matter

Neurobiology and Patenting Thought

Gruter Institute Squaw Valley Conference 2009: Law, Behavior & the Brain
Posted: 15 May 2009
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law

Abstract:

19.

Patent Expertise and the Regress of Useful Arts

Southern Illinois University Law Journal, Vol. 33, pp. 239-277, 2009
Number of pages: 39 Posted: 05 Feb 2010
Andrew W. Torrance and Bill Tomlinson
University of Kansas - School of Law and University of California, Irvine
Downloads 198 (115,081)
Citation 1

Abstract:

Patent, innovation, open innovation, commons, open source, patent law, game, simulation, patent system, innovation, productivity, social utility, expertise, user innovation

20.

The Right to Innovate

Michigan State Law Review, No. 793, 2015
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 12 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 08 Oct 2015
Andrew W. Torrance and Eric A. von Hippel
University of Kansas - School of Law and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 178 (73,257)

Abstract:

innovation wetlands, right to innovate, innovation rights and innovation, user innovation, open innovation, invention, intellectual property, regulation, patent, copyright, privacy, commerce, freedom, liberty, infringement, agency

21.

The Unpatentable Human Being

Hastings Center Report, Vol. 43, No. 5 (2013): 10-11
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 11 Oct 2013
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 137 (146,208)

Abstract:

Intellectual property, patent, patentability, patentable subject matter, human, human body, gene, DNA, embryonic stem cell, in vivo conversion, prodrug, metabolite, physiology, thought, mental step, Myriad, Prometheus, Bilski, Metabolite, synthetic DNA, copyright, 13th Amendment, biotechnology

22.

Bringing Standards to Life: Synthetic Biology Standards and Intellectual Property

Santa Clara High Technology Law Journal, Vol. 30, No. 2, 2014
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 19 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 24 Apr 2014
Andrew W. Torrance and Linda J. Kahl
University of Kansas - School of Law and The BioBricks Foundation
Downloads 122 (155,374)

Abstract:

synthetic biology, patents, standards, law, policies, licensing, property rights, biosecurity

23.

Family Law and the Genomic Revolution

University of Missouri-Kansas City Law Review, Vol. 79, No. 2, pp. 271-282, 2010
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 23 Apr 2011
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 112 (190,473)

Abstract:

Family law, genome, genomics, gene, DNA, child, parent, patent, genetic enhancement, medicine, diagnostic, therapeutic, gene therapy, synthetic biology, stem cell , intellectual property, enhancement, genetic enhancement

24.

(R)evolution in Design Patentable Subject Matter: The Shifting Meaning of 'Article of Manufacture'

17 Stanford Technology Law Review 183 (2013)
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 08 Mar 2014 Last Revised: 10 Mar 2014
William J. Seymour and Andrew W. Torrance
Lando & Anastasi and University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 38 (275,014)

Abstract:

Design patent, design, patent, article of manufacture, computer generated image, intellectual property, patent law, design patent law

25.

A Natural Experiment on Innovation Without Patents

Festschrift for Eric von Hippel, Karim Lakhani and Dietmar Harhoff, eds. 2014
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 13 May 2015 Last Revised: 27 May 2015
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 34 (296,354)

Abstract:

Innovation, patent, patent law, America Invents Act, Section 33, biotechnology, natural experiment, human, gene, stem cell, in vivo conversion, user innovation, open innovation, invention, Eric von Hippel

26.

Massively Distributed Authorship of Academic Papers

ACM Conference on Human Factors in Computing Systems (CHI 2012) Extended Abstracts (alt.chi)
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 08 Nov 2013
University of California, Irvine, University of Washington - The Information School, Carnegie Mellon University, Cornell University, Westmont College, Independent, Independent, University of British Columbia (UBC), Independent, University of Bergamo - Department of Human and Social Sciences, Technische Universität München (TUM), University of Kansas - School of Law, Independent, University of California, Irvine, IG Metall, Darmstadt University of Technology, Independent, Boğaziçi University, Independent, University of Puget Sound, Independent, Independent, University of California, Irvine, University of California, Irvine, Indiana University Bloomington - School of Informatics and Computing, Independent, Independent, VTT Technical Research Centre of Finland, Independent, Independent and University of Maryland, Baltimore County (UMBC) - The Hilltop Institute
Downloads 21 (366,655)

Abstract:

writing, crowdsourcing, collaboration, scholarship, research

27.

Are Engineered Genetic Sequences Copyrightable?: The U.S. Copyright Office Addresses a Matter of First Impression

35 Biotechnology Law Report 103 (2016)
Number of pages: 21 Posted: 02 Oct 2016
Christopher M. Holman, Claes Gustafsson and Andrew W. Torrance
University of Missouri - Kansas City School of Law, Independent and University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 0 (378,126)

Abstract:

Copyright, Copyright Office, Copyright Registration, DNA Copyright, Gene Copyright, Synthetic Biology, Biotechnology, Genetic Engineering

28.

Beauty in the Eye of the Judicial Beholder

Gruter Institute Squaw Valley Conference: Law, Institutions & Human Behavior, 2011
Posted: 24 May 2011 Last Revised: 28 May 2011
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law

Abstract:

29.

The Evolution and Development of Biolaw

Gruter Institute Squaw Valley Conference 2010: Law, Institutions & Human Behavior
Posted: 15 May 2010
Andrew W. Torrance
University of Kansas - School of Law

Abstract:

Other Papers (2)

Total Downloads: 38    Citations: 0
1.

On the Question: Is Copyright the Way to Gain Intellectual Property Protection for DNA Sequences?

33 Biotechnology Law Report 139, 2014
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 20 Sep 2014
Christopher M. Holman and Andrew W. Torrance
University of Missouri - Kansas City School of Law and University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 12

Abstract:

2.

Intellectual Property Issues and Synthetic Biology Standards

33 Nature Biotechnology 24 (2015)
Number of pages: 2 Posted: 13 Jan 2015
Jorge L. Contreras, Arti K. Rai and Andrew W. Torrance
University of Utah - S.J. Quinney College of Law, Duke University School of Law and University of Kansas - School of Law
Downloads 11

Abstract:

standards, patent, synthetic biology, FRAND