Eric A. von Hippel

Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

T. Wilson Professor of Innovation Management

E62-455

Cambridge, MA 02142

United States

SCHOLARLY PAPERS

49

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53,502

CITATIONS
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418

Scholarly Papers (49)

1.

Free Innovation

E von Hippel, 2017. Free Innovation. Cambridge MA: MIT Press
Number of pages: 236 Posted: 11 Nov 2016 Last Revised: 04 Feb 2017
Eric A. von Hippel
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 10,253 (409)

Abstract:

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innovation, user innovation

2.

Democratizing Innovation

DEMOCRATIZING INNOVATION, MIT Press, Cambridge, MA, April 2005
Number of pages: 220 Posted: 03 May 2005
Eric A. von Hippel
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 7,584 (716)

Abstract:

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User Innovation, Lead User, Open Source Software, Open Innovation

3.

Modeling a Paradigm Shift: From Producer Innovation to User and Open Collaborative Innovation

Harvard Business School Finance Working Paper No. 10-038, MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4764-09
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 09 Nov 2009 Last Revised: 10 Jun 2012
Carliss Y. Baldwin and Eric A. von Hippel
Harvard Business School, Finance Unit and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 6,325 (987)
Citation 34

Abstract:

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4.

Comparing Business and Household Sector Innovation in Consumer Products: Findings from a Representative Study in the UK

Number of pages: 29 Posted: 28 Sep 2010 Last Revised: 10 Jun 2012
Eric A. von Hippel, Jeroen P.J. de Jong and Steven Flowers
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Utrecht University - School of Economics and affiliation not provided to SSRN
Downloads 2,818 (4,016)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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Household Innovation, Consumer Innovation, User Innovation

5.

Sources of Innovation

E von Hippel, 1988. Sources of Innovation. New York NY: Oxford University Press
Number of pages: 221 Posted: 05 Dec 2016 Last Revised: 04 Feb 2017
Eric A. von Hippel
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 2,156 (6,268)

Abstract:

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innovation, innovators, user innovation

6.

Users as Service Innovators: The Case of Banking Services

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4748-09
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 25 Aug 2009 Last Revised: 26 Apr 2015
Pedro Oliveira and Eric A. von Hippel
Copenhagen Business School and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 2,127 (6,400)
Citation 4

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Service innovation; service development; user innovation

7.

Norms-Based Intellectual Property Systems: The Case of French Chefs

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4576-06
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 16 Feb 2006 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Emmanuelle Fauchart and Eric A. von Hippel
Conservatoire des Arts et Metiers (CNAM) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 1,702 (9,375)
Citation 5

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intellectual property systems, intellectual property rights, norms-based

8.

The User Innovation Paradigm: Impacts on Markets and Welfare

Number of pages: 40 Posted: 07 Jun 2012 Last Revised: 04 Aug 2015
Alfonso Gambardella, Christina Raasch and Eric A. von Hippel
Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology, Kühne Logistics University (KLU) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 1,549 (10,940)
Citation 8

Abstract:

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innovation, user innovation

9.

Shifting Innovation to Users Via Toolkits

MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4232-02
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 27 Apr 2002
Eric A. von Hippel and Ralph Katz
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Northeastern University - Entrepreneurship and Innovation
Downloads 1,266 (15,007)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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Toolkits, User Innovation, Product Development

10.

Open Source Projects as Horizontal Innovation Networks - by and for Users

MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4366-02
Number of pages: 27 Posted: 25 Sep 2002
Eric A. von Hippel
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 1,068 (19,459)
Citation 11

Abstract:

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Innovation Networks, User Innovation, Open Source Software

11.

User Community vs. Producer Innovation Development Efficiency: A First Empirical Study

MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4926-11
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 25 Aug 2011 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Christoph Hienerth, Eric A. von Hippel and Morten Berg Jensen
Copenhagen Business School, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Aarhus University - School of Business and Social Sciences
Downloads 1,066 (19,508)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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user innovation

12.

How User Innovations Become Commercial Products: A Theoretical Investigation and Case Study

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4572-06, HBS Finance Working Paper No. 876967, Harvard NOM Working Paper No. 06-13
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 20 Jan 2006
Christoph Hienerth, Eric A. von Hippel and Carliss Y. Baldwin
Vienna University of Economics and Business Administration, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Harvard Business School, Finance Unit
Downloads 1,032 (20,449)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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user innovations, user-manufacturers

13.

How Open Source Software Works: 'Free' User-to-User Assistance?

MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4117-00
Number of pages: 40 Posted: 19 Nov 2001
Eric A. von Hippel and Karim R. Lakhani
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Harvard Business School - Technology and Operations Management Group
Downloads 1,026 (20,639)
Citation 14

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14.

Innovation Effort as 'Productive Consumption:' The Power of Participation Benefits to Amplify Innovation

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 29 Oct 2012 Last Revised: 13 Jun 2013
Christina Raasch and Eric A. von Hippel
Kühne Logistics University (KLU) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 907 (24,777)
Citation 3

Abstract:

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Crowdsourcing, User innovation, Motives to innovate, Innovation amplification

15.

Costless Creation of Strong Brands by User Communities: Implications for Producer-Owned Brands

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4718-08
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 01 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Johann Füller and Eric A. von Hippel
University of Innsbruck - School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 851 (27,088)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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community, brand-premium, consumer-generated brands

16.

Identifying Viable ‘Need-Solution Pairs’: Problem Solving Without Problem Formulation

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 5071-13
Number of pages: 36 Posted: 17 Nov 2013 Last Revised: 02 May 2015
Eric A. von Hippel and Georg von Krogh
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and ETH Zurich
Downloads 840 (27,611)

Abstract:

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problem formulation, problem solving, need-solution pairs

17.

Open Source Software and the 'Private-Collective' Innovation Model: Issues for Organization Science

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4739-09
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 28 May 2009 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Eric A. von Hippel and Georg von Krogh
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and ETH Zurich
Downloads 817 (28,680)
Citation 39

Abstract:

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Open source software, innovation, incentives, collective action

18.

User Toolkits for Innovation: A Practical Guide

MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4205-01
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 19 Nov 2001
Eric A. von Hippel
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 812 (28,914)
Citation 1

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19.

Finding Commercially Attractive User Innovations: A Test of Lead User Theory

MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4536-05
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 09 May 2005 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Nikolaus Franke, Eric A. von Hippel and Martin Schreier
Vienna University of Economics and Business, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Vienna University of Economics and Business
Downloads 699 (35,508)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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Lead User Theory

20.

The Prevalence of User Innovation and Free Innovation Transfers: Implications for Statistical Indicators and Innovation Policy

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4722-09
Number of pages: 30 Posted: 04 Feb 2009 Last Revised: 11 Mar 2009
Fred Gault and Eric A. von Hippel
International Development Research Centre (IDRC) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 692 (36,012)
Citation 14

Abstract:

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user innovation, process technologies

21.

The Dominant Role of "Local" Information in the User Innovation the Case of Mountain Biking

MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4377-02
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 15 Aug 2002
Christian Lüthje, Cornelius Herstatt and Eric A. von Hippel
Technical University Hamburg-Harburg (TUHH), Technical University Hamburg-Harburg (TUHH) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 594 (44,146)
Citation 24

Abstract:

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User Innovation, Local Information, Mountain Biking

22.

Finding Commercially Attractive User Innovations: A Performance Evaluation of the 'Lead User Construct'

MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4402-03
Number of pages: 25 Posted: 07 Jan 2003
Nikolaus Franke and Eric A. von Hippel
Vienna University of Economics and Business and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 590 (44,551)
Citation 6

Abstract:

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Lead Users, Innovation, Open Source Software

23.

Impacts of Hedonic and Utilitarian User Motives on the Innovativeness of User-Developed Solutions

Number of pages: 36 Posted: 07 May 2013 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Ruth Maria Stock, Pedro Oliveira and Eric A. von Hippel
Darmstadt University of Technology, Copenhagen Business School and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 576 (45,958)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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user innovation; consumer innovator motives; self-determination theory; goal-setting theory; non-linear relationships; novelty and utility of the solution

24.

Market Failure in the Diffusion of Clinician-Developed Innovations: The Case of Off-Label Drug Discoveries

Number of pages: 25 Posted: 08 Jun 2013 Last Revised: 16 Feb 2016
Eric A. von Hippel, Harold J. DeMonaco and Jeroen P.J. de Jong
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Harvard University - Massachusetts General Hospital and Utrecht University - School of Economics
Downloads 558 (47,899)
Citation 5

Abstract:

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user innovation, diffusion, clinician innovation, market failure

25.

User Generated Brands and their Contribution to the Diffusion of User Innovations

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4877-11
Number of pages: 37 Posted: 08 Feb 2011 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Johann Füller, Roland Schroll and Eric A. von Hippel
University of Innsbruck - School of Management, University of Innsbruck - School of Management and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 505 (54,270)

Abstract:

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user-generated brands, community, brand value

26.

Impacts of Personality Traits on Consumer Innovation Success

Number of pages: 35 Posted: 18 Jul 2014 Last Revised: 30 Sep 2015
Ruth Maria Stock, Eric A. von Hippel and Nils Gillert
Darmstadt University of Technology, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Darmstadt University of Technology
Downloads 498 (55,227)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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user innovators, user innovation, innovation

27.
Downloads 493 ( 55,967)
Citation 29

Welfare Implications of User Innovation

MIT Sloan Working Paper No. 4327-03
Number of pages: 26 Posted: 25 Jul 2003
Joachim Henkel and Eric A. von Hippel
TUM School of Management - Technische Universität München (TUM) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 469 (58,950)
Citation 4

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User Innovation, Product Diversity, Social Welfare, Inefficiencies

Welfare Implications of User Innovation

CEPR Discussion Paper No. 4063
Number of pages: 22 Posted: 14 Nov 2003
Joachim Henkel and Eric A. von Hippel
TUM School of Management - Technische Universität München (TUM) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 24 (511,207)
Citation 1
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User innovation, product diversity, social welfare, inefficiencies

Welfare Implications of User Innovation

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship
Posted: 09 Nov 2009
Eric A. von Hippel and Joachim Henkel
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and TUM School of Management - Technische Universität München (TUM)

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Social welfare, Spillover effects, User needs, Innovation process, Product development, Information asymmetry, Customers, Business conditions, Manufacturing industries

28.

The Right to Innovate

Michigan State Law Review, No. 793, 2015
Number of pages: 38 Posted: 12 Oct 2013 Last Revised: 08 Oct 2015
Andrew W. Torrance and Eric A. von Hippel
University of Kansas - School of Law and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 443 (63,920)

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innovation wetlands, right to innovate, innovation rights and innovation, user innovation, open innovation, invention, intellectual property, regulation, patent, copyright, privacy, commerce, freedom, liberty, infringement, agency

29.
Downloads 426 ( 67,003)
Citation 4

Horizontal Innovation Networks - By and For Users

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4366-02
Number of pages: 29 Posted: 30 May 2009 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Eric A. von Hippel
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 426 (66,351)
Citation 4

Abstract:

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horizontal innovation networks, user innovation, information revealing

Horizontal Innovation Networks by and for Users

Industrial and Corporate Change, Vol. 16, Issue 2, pp. 293-315, 2007
Posted: 22 Jun 2008
Eric A. von Hippel
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

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30.

Profiting from Voluntary Information Spillovers: How Users Benefit by Freely Revealing Their Innovations

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4749-09
Number of pages: 33 Posted: 03 Sep 2009 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Dietmar Harhoff, Joachim Henkel and Eric A. von Hippel
Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, TUM School of Management - Technische Universität München (TUM) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 364 (80,652)
Citation 15

Abstract:

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innovation, spillovers, diffusion, lead users

31.

Market Failure in the Diffusion of Consumer-Developed Innovations: Patterns in Finland

Number of pages: 27 Posted: 19 Apr 2014 Last Revised: 23 Jun 2015
Utrecht University - School of Economics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, UNU-MERIT, University of Vaasa / SC-Research and Kühne Logistics University (KLU)
Downloads 341 (86,948)
Citation 2

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User innovation, commercial diffusion, peer-to-peer diffusion, general value, market failure

32.

Need-Solution Pair Recognition Driven by Object Oriented Solution-Finding

Number of pages: 38 Posted: 21 Jan 2017 Last Revised: 24 Sep 2018
Darmstadt University of Technology, University of Chicago, Darmstadt University of Technology, Darmstadt University of Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 328 (90,814)
Citation 1

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Need-Solution pairs; Insight; Object understanding; Affordances; Solution finding; Problem-solving; Innovation; Creativity; Knowledge production; Information transfer costs; Managerial and organizational cognition; Organization and management theory; Information transfer costs

33.

The Major Role of Clinicians in the Discovery of Off-Label Drug Therapies

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4552-05
Number of pages: 28 Posted: 11 Aug 2005 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Harold J. DeMonaco, Ayfer Ali and Eric A. von Hippel
Harvard University - Massachusetts General Hospital, Harvard University - Department of Economics and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 325 (91,705)
Citation 5

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off label drug use, prescription drugs, new molecular entities, lead users

34.

Measuring User Innovation in Dutch High Tech SMEs: Frequency, Nature and Transfer to Producers

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4724-09
Number of pages: 31 Posted: 07 Mar 2009 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Jeroen P.J. de Jong and Eric A. von Hippel
EIM Netherlands - Business and Policy Research and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 315 (94,910)
Citation 1

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User innovation, SME innovation, innovation transfer, innovation diffusion, innovation measurement, open source

35.

Satisfying Heterogeneous User Needs Via Innovation Toolkits: The Case of Apache Security Software

MIT Sloan School Working Paper No. 4341-02
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 31 May 2002
Nikolaus Franke and Eric A. von Hippel
Vienna University of Economics and Business and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 313 (95,602)
Citation 19

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Open Source, Apache Security Software, Innovation, Innovation Toolkits

36.

Innovation by Patients with Rare Diseases and Chronic Needs

Number of pages: 9 Posted: 20 Jun 2014 Last Revised: 26 Apr 2015
Pedro Oliveira, Leid Zejnilovic, Helena Canhão and Eric A. von Hippel
Copenhagen Business School, New University of Lisbon - Nova School of Business and Economics, University of Lisbon, School of Medicine and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 309 (96,964)
Citation 1

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patient innovation, rare diseases, diffusion

37.

'Pyramiding': Efficient Identification of Rare Subjects

MIT Sloan Research Paper No. 4720-08
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 18 Oct 2008 Last Revised: 24 Dec 2014
Eric A. von Hippel, Nikolaus Franke and Reinhard Prügl
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management, Vienna University of Economics and Business and University of Innsbruck
Downloads 295 (101,963)
Citation 5

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pyramiding

38.

Next-Generation Consumer Innovation Search: Identifying Early-Stage Need-Solution Pairs on the Web

Number of pages: 37 Posted: 28 Oct 2018 Last Revised: 11 Jul 2019
Eric A. von Hippel and Sandro Kaulartz
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and Ipsos
Downloads 217 (139,663)
Citation 1

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problem-solving; need-solution pairs; user innovation; consumer innovation; household sector innovation

Open Source Hardware as a Profit-Maximizing Strategy of Downstream Firms

Number of pages: 30 Posted: 04 Oct 2017 Last Revised: 06 May 2018
Alfonso Gambardella and Eric A. von Hippel
Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 124 (226,833)
Citation 1

Abstract:

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innovation, user innovation

Open Source Hardware as a Profit-Maximizing Strategy of Downstream Firms

CEPR Discussion Paper No. DP12901
Number of pages: 32 Posted: 24 May 2018
Alfonso Gambardella and Eric A. von Hippel
Bocconi University - Department of Management and Technology and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 0
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Competitive Advantage, Competitive Strategy, Corporate Strategy, Open Innovation, Technology Strategy

40.

Free Medical Innovation by Patients – No Producers Required

Number of pages: 12 Posted: 12 Sep 2018
Harvard University - Massachusetts General Hospital, Copenhagen Business School, University of Kansas - School of Law, University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 97 (268,719)

Abstract:

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innovation, user innovation, patient innovation, medical innovation

41.

Household Sector Innovation in China: Impacts of Income and Development

Number of pages: 19 Posted: 23 Jul 2018
Chen Jin, Yu-Shan Su, Jeroen P.J. de Jong and Eric A. von Hippel
Tsinghua University - School of Economics & Management, National Taiwan Normal University, Utrecht University - School of Economics and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 50 (385,904)

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household sector innovation, user innovation, free innovation, innovation statistics

42.

A Meeting of Innovation Minds

Northwestern University Law Review, Vol. 112, 2018
Number of pages: 10 Posted: 27 Feb 2018
Andrew W. Torrance and Eric A. von Hippel
University of Kansas - School of Law and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 41 (417,943)

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Invention, Innovation, Technology, Technological Innovation, User Innovation, Free Innovation, Collaborative Innovation, Open Innovation, Household Innovation, Intellectual Property, Patent

43.

When Patients Become Innovators

MIT Sloan Management Review, Spring 2019
Number of pages: 8 Posted: 15 Apr 2019
Harvard University - Massachusetts General Hospital, Copenhagen Business School, University of Kansas - School of Law, University of California, Berkeley School of Public Health and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 39 (425,772)

Abstract:

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innovation, open innovation, patient innovation

44.

Democratization of Human Clinical Research: How Peer Production is Changing the Research Paradigm

Number of pages: 14 Posted: 07 Jul 2017
Harold J. DeMonaco, David Rosenman and Eric A. von Hippel
Harvard University - Massachusetts General Hospital, Mayo Clinic and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 30 (464,572)

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innovation, user innovation

45.

Free Revealing and the Private-Collective Model for Innovation Incentives

R&D Management, Vol. 36, No. 3, pp. 295-306, June 2006
Number of pages: 12 Posted: 26 May 2006
Eric A. von Hippel and Georg von Krogh
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management and ETH Zurich
Downloads 21 (512,908)
Citation 1
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46.

Household Innovation and R&D: Bigger Than You Think

Number of pages: 24 Posted: 27 Feb 2019 Last Revised: 14 Aug 2019
Daniel E. Sichel and Eric A. von Hippel
Wellesley College and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 16 (541,897)

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innovation, user innovation, product innovation, household innovation

47.

Household Innovation, R&D, and New Measures of Intangible Capital

NBER Working Paper No. w25599
Number of pages: 24 Posted: 04 Mar 2019 Last Revised: 10 Apr 2019
Daniel E. Sichel and Eric A. von Hippel
Wellesley College and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management
Downloads 4 (617,598)
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48.

The Sources of Innovation

University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign's Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership Historical Research Reference in Entrepreneurship
Posted: 04 Nov 2009
Eric A. von Hippel
Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

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Information exchange, Know-how, Economic rents, Innovation management, User needs, Suppliers, Licensing strategies, Industrial research, R&D, Innovation policies, Information behavior, Innovation process, Manufacturing firms

49.

Profiting from Voluntary Information Spillovers: How Users Benefit by Freely Revealing Their Innovations

Research Policy, Vol. 32, pp. 1752-1769, 2003
Posted: 13 Feb 2007
Dietmar Harhoff, Joachim Henkel and Eric A. von Hippel
Max Planck Institute for Innovation and Competition, TUM School of Management - Technische Universität München (TUM) and Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) - Sloan School of Management

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innovation, spillovers, diffusion, lead user